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Chicago-Kent College of Law reserves the right, without notice, to change the requirements for admission or graduation; the arrangement, time, credit, or content of courses; the books to be used; the tuition or other fees charged; academic standards; the regulations affecting students; and any and all other matters contained in this Handbook. Changes will be duly published.
Chicago-Kent College of
Law provides equality of opportunity in legal education for all persons, including
faculty and employees, with respect to hiring, continuation, promotion and tenure,
applicants for admission, enrolled students, and alumni, without discrimination
on the ground of race, color, religion, national origin, gender, age, disability,
sexual orientation, or gender identity. (See §16.1 of this Handbook.)
In addition, Chicago-Kent College of Law provides its students, alumni,
faculty members, law school administrators, and other authorized users of its
placement facilities with equal opportunity to obtain employment without discrimination
or segregation on the ground of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age,
handicap or disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity. Placement facilities
and services of Chicago-Kent are available only to employers whose employment
practices are consistent with this policy and are similarly non-discriminatory.
(See §18.5 of this Handbook.)
SECTION I. REQUIREMENTS FOR THE J.D. DEGREE
SECTION II. STUDY LOAD, COURSE, AND WORK LIMITATIONS
SECTION III. REGISTRATION PROCEDURES
SECTION IV. WITHDRAWAL AND REENTRY TO THE LAW SCHOOL
SECTION V. TRANSFER CREDITS FROM OTHER SCHOOLS
SECTION VI. GRADING SYSTEM
SECTION VII. EXAMINATIONS
SECTION VIII. GRADE POINT AVERAGE REQUIREMENTS
SECTION IX. CLASS ATTENDANCE
SECTION X. FACULTY MEETINGS AND COMMITTEES
SECTION XI. CURRICULAR MATTERS
SECTION XII. TUITION AND FEES
SECTION XIII. FINANCIAL AID AND SCHOLARSHIPS
SECTION XIV. GENERAL INFORMATION
SECTION XV. [Reserved]
SECTION XVI. ANTI-DISCRIMINATION AND HARASSMENT POLICIES
SECTION XVII. DOWNTOWN CAMPUS LIBRARY
SECTION XVIII. CAREER SERVICES
SECTION XIX. CODE OF CONDUCT
SECTION XX. DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION
SECTION I. REQUIREMENTS FOR THE JURIS DOCTOR DEGREE
Students must complete 87 hours of credit to earn the degree of Juris Doctor. Students must complete the Juris Doctor degree no later than 84 months after commencing law studies at Chicago-Kent or at a law school from which Chicago-Kent has accepted transfer credit. All students must attain a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.300 to earn the degree.
§ 1.2 Required Courses
The following courses must be successfully completed to earn the J.D. degree: Contracts, Torts, Criminal Law, Civil Procedure, Property, Legislation, Legal Writing 1, Legal Writing 2, Legal Writing 3, Legal Writing 4, Constitutional Law, Professional Responsibility, and one seminar. To satisfy the degree requirement, the seminar must be taken in a semester at the start of which the student has successfully completed at least 54 hours of credit and has completed the Legal Writing 4 writing requirement, unless the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs waives this requirement in the same manner as provided in §2.9. Students may take seminars for which they meet the prerequisites in earlier semesters, but not in satisfaction of the degree requirement. Certain writing requirements may be waived or satisfied in an alternative manner as provided in §§1.3, 1.4, and 1.20.
§ 1.3 Independent Research in Lieu of a Seminar
seminar requirement may be satisfied by an Independent Research course supervised
by a member of the full-time faculty. To fulfill the seminar requirement, an extensive
seminar-style research paper must be written. A student must obtain written approval
from the instructor and the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student
Affairs prior to beginning the research and prior to registration. In order to
satisfy the seminar requirement, Independent Research must be taken in a semester
at the start of which the student has completed at least 54 hours of credit and
has completed Legal Writing 4, unless the Assistant Dean waives this
requirement in the same manner as provided in §2.9. Independent Research
is graded on a pass/fail basis; a student may not earn a letter grade. Only one
credit hour is awarded for this course even though it fulfills the two-credit
hour seminar requirement. A student may earn only one credit hour of Independent
Research per semester.
§ 1.4 Legal Writing 4 Waiver
The Legal Writing 4 requirement may be waived by taking a Legal Writing 4 Equivalency Class in certain circumstances for students who participate in one of the following: Law Review, Moot Court Honor Society, the Litigation and Alternative Dispute Resolution Program, the Criminal Litigation Program, and Judicial Externship. For details, see the most recent semester's Schedule of Classes or Registration Bulletin, or contact the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs.
§ 1.5 Semesters in Residence
(a) General Information
§ 1.6 Studying at Another Law School
If a student receives permission to study
at another law school, the student will receive a degree from Chicago-Kent provided
the student earns at least 54 credit hours at Chicago-Kent and meets the other
degree requirements of the Law School. In appropriate circumstances, the
Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs may make modifications
to the credit hour requirement. See §5.1 for the procedures for obtaining
permission to study at another law school.
§ 1.7 Application for Graduation
Graduating seniors must submit an Application for Graduation to the Registrar's office as soon as their class schedule for their final term is confirmed. It is imperative for graduating seniors to notify the Registrar if they have changed their schedules and reduced their hours after they have submitted the Application for Graduation.
§ 1.8 Student Responsibility for Fulfilling Requirements
Each student has the responsibility to make sure that all degree requirements are fulfilled. Graduating seniors should make an independent review of their records before registering for their final semester. The Registrar will review the academic record of each senior who has submitted an Application for Graduation and will attempt to notify a student of any apparent deficiencies prior to the conclusion of the add/drop period for the student's last semester. However, it is the student's responsibility, not the Registrar's, to make sure that all degree requirements will be fulfilled by the end of the final semester. After all graduating seniors' grades have been received by the Registrar in the final semester, the Registrar will review each graduating senior's record to make sure that all degree requirements are fulfilled. If a student has not fulfilled all degree requirements, he or she will not receive a degree and will not be certified to the bar examiners.
§ 1.9 Bar Examination Requirements
(a) General Information
Illinois does not require any specified courses to take the bar exam. However, some states require specific law courses to be eligible to take the bar exam. Students should obtain information as soon after they begin law school as possible about the character and fitness, curricular, preregistration, and other requirements for admission to the bar in states in which they may seek admission. Graduating seniors must advise the Registrar of the forms and documents required by out-of-state bar examiners well in advance of the date the material is required.
(b) Character and Fitness
Other states require similar certificates to be completed
by the Law School for students taking the bar exam in their states.
§ 1.10 Degree with Honors
The Juris Doctor degree is conferred
by the University upon students who are recommended by the Dean and faculty of
the Law School after successful completion of all degree requirements. On
recommendation of the faculty, degrees may be awarded cum laude, magna cum laude, and summa cum laude. Under current practice, students who rank in the top 1% of their class are awarded their degrees summa cum laude; those who rank in the remainder of the top 10% of their class are awarded their degrees magna cum laude; and those who rank in the remainder of the top 25% of their class are awarded their degrees cum laude. Students who graduate in August and December are
ranked with the succeeding May graduating class.
§ 1.11 The Order of the Coif
J.D. graduates who rank in the top 10% of the graduating class are eligible for election to membership in The Order of the Coif, if they otherwise meet the membership criteria of the Order. The faculty members of The Order of the Coif elect the new members from among the eligible graduates.
§ 1.12 Law Review Eligibility
(a) Eligibility by Academic Achievement
§ 1.13 Moot Court Honor Society Eligibility
A student may receive an invitation to join the Moot Court Honor Society based on performance in either (1) the Charles Evans Hughes Moot Court Oral Arguments, in which all first-year students participate as a required part of the Legal Writing 2 curriculum, or (2) the Moot Court Honor Society Summer Candidacy Program. Students who argue in the final (second) round of the Hughes Arguments in the first year of law school and finish in the top 10% of all students who competed on a problem-by-problem basis, and who earn at least a B+ in Legal Writing 2, receive invitations to join the Society, provided that they meet the minimum cumulative GPA requirement discussed below. Students may participate in the Summer Candidacy Program in any Summer, provided they will be in residence at Chicago-Kent for at least two full semesters following that Summer. A grade of B+ in Legal Writing 2 is not required to participate in the Summer Candidacy Program.
In addition to fulfilling the requirements discussed
above, a student must have at least a 3.000 cumulative GPA at the completion of the Spring
semester immediately preceding the Summer Candidacy Program in order to be eligible
for membership by either selection process discussed above. Any student, however,
who otherwise qualifies for automatic membership based on performance in the Hughes
Arguments and Legal Writing 2, but who fails to qualify for automatic membership
because he or she has a cumulative GPA below 3.000, may petition the Moot Court
Honor Society Executive Board to participate in the Summer Candidacy Competition.
All new members of the Moot Court Honor Society are required to register for Appellate Advocacy in their first semester of membership. Appellate Advocacy is offered only in the Fall semester, so students must begin their membership in the Fall semester. A student may not receive credit for more than five hours of Moot Court Honor Society, including the two hours of Appellate Advocacy. Appellate Advocacy is a two-hour graded course that may not be taken on a pass/fail basis. See also the requirements set forth in §§1.15 and 2.5.
§ 1.14 Intellectual Property Moot Court Eligibility
To receive credit for Intellectual Property Moot Court, the following requirements must be met: (1) the student must have completed Legal Writing 2; (2) the student may not have participated more than two semesters in the Moot Court Society; (3) the student must adequately complete briefs per competition rules as determined by the Intellectual Property Law Society's coach and faculty advisor; and (4) the student must participate in at least two arguments in an intramural round robin of oral argument, one argument on each side. Also see the requirements set forth in §§1.15 and 2.5.
§ 1.15 Credit for Moot Court Participation
as noted below, the following rules must be followed to earn credit for participation
in the Moot Court Honor Society, BLSA Moot Court, Environmental Moot Court, Intellectual
Property Moot Court, International Moot Court, and any other moot court competition
(2) A student may earn no more than one credit for each Interscholastic Moot Court competition in which he or she participates, and such credit shall be awarded in the semester in which the competition takes place.
(3) A student may earn no more than one credit in total for participation in the Moot Court Honor Society's Spring Intramural Competition, and such credit shall be awarded in the semester in which the competition takes place.
(4) A student may earn no more than one credit in total for coaching a Moot Court team, but only for coaching a team entered in a competition sponsored by the Moot Court Honor Society, and such credit shall be awarded in the semester in which the competition takes place.
(5) To be eligible to participate in the International Law Moot Court, a student must have completed or be taking an international section of Legal Writing 4.
§ 1.16 Certificate in Environmental and Energy Law
A student may earn a Certificate in Environmental and Energy Law, in addition to the J.D. degree, by participating in the Program in Environmental and Energy Law. A student joins the program by notifying the director of her/his interest.
Additional information about the program, and requirements for completing the certificate, are available here. A student may not make the pass/fail election for any course that will be used to fulfill the requirements for the Certificate.
Students must complete an Application for a Certificate and have it approved by a Director of the Program during their last semester. For additional information, contact Prof. Keith Harley.
§ 1.17 Certificate in International and Comparative Law
A student may earn a Certificate in International and Comparative Law, in addition to the J.D. degree, by successfully the certificate requirements. A student joins the program by notifying the directors of her/his interest.
Additional information about the program, and requirements for completing the certificate, are available here. A student may not make the pass/fail election for any course that will be used to fulfill the requirements for the Certificate.
Students must complete an Application for a Certificate and have it approved by a Director of the Program during their last semester. For additional information, contact Assistant Dean Edward Harris.
§ 1.18 Certificate in Intellectual Property Law
A student may earn a Certificate in Intellectual Property Law, in addition to
the J.D. degree, by participating in the Program in Intellectual Property Law.
§ 1.19 Certificate in Labor and Employment Law
A student may earn a Certificate in Labor and
Employment Law, in addition to the J.D. degree, by participating in the Program
in Labor and Employment Law. The Program is a component of the Law School's Institute
for Law and the Workplace, which also sponsors conferences and symposia dealing
with current workplace issues.
§ 1.20 Certificate in Litigation and Alternative Dispute Resolution (LADR)
student may earn a Certificate in Litigation and Alternative Dispute Resolution,
in addition to the J.D. degree, by successfully completing the requirements of
the LADR Program. Students in the LADR Program learn traditional doctrinal and
case analysis along with the theoretical and ethical foundations of law and receive
training in legal research and writing, trial skills, negotiation and mediation,
and clinical education.
§ 1.21 Certificate in Business Law
student may earn a Certificate in Business Law,
in addition to the J.D. degree, by successfully completing the requirements of
the Business Law certificate program.
§ 1.22 Certificate in Public Interest Law
student may earn a Certificate in Public Inteest Law,
in addition to the J.D. degree, by successfully completing the requirements of
the Public Interest Law certificate program.
§ 1.23 Certificate in Criminal Litigation
student may earn a Certificate in Criminal Litigation,
in addition to the J.D. degree, by successfully completing the requirements of
the Criminal Litigation certificate program.
§ 1.24 Praxis Certificate
student may earn the Praxis Certificate,
in addition to the J.D. degree, by successfully completing the requirements of
the Praxis Certificate program.
§ 1.25 Joint Degree Programs
Chicago-Kent offers the following joint degree programs. Click on the links below for more information about each program.
Chicago-Kent Joint Degrees:
With IIT Stuart School of Business:
With the University of Illinois at Chicago:
SECTION II. STUDY LOAD, COURSE, AND WORK LIMITATIONS
Full-time Day Division students may register for a maximum of 16 credit hours per semester (17 if registered for Law Review and/or Moot Court Honor Society). Part-time Day Division students and Evening Division students may register for a maximum of 11 credit hours per semester in their first year, and for a maximum of 13 credit hours per semester after their first year. All students may register for a maximum of six credit hours during a Summer session. The maximum hour limitation applies to all courses the student is taking that are to be applied to the J.D. degree. For example, if a full-time Day Division student takes 14 credit hours of law courses, the student may not receive credit for more than two hours of graduate courses in the Stuart Graduate School of Business or in any other graduate school for credit toward the J.D. degree.
§ 2.2 Minimum Credit Hours
Full-time Day Division students must register for a minimum of twelve credit hours per semester, except graduating seniors who need fewer than twelve credit hours to graduate. Part-time Day Division students and Evening Division students must register for a minimum of eight credit hours per semester, except graduating seniors who need fewer than eight credit hours to graduate. However, senior students should refer to the residency requirements set forth in §1.5.
§ 2.3 Seminar Limitation
A student may not receive credit toward graduation for more than six credit hours of seminar work.
§ 2.4 Pass/Fail Election
A student in good standing may elect to take six credit
hours on a pass/fail basis in accordance with the limitations of this section,
provided that the student designates such an election by the end of the second
week of the Fall semester, the end of the fourth week of the Spring semester,
and the end of the first week of the Summer session. After the deadline,
the student may not convert from the standard grading system to pass/fail.
However, a student may revoke the pass/fail election and convert from the pass/fail
election to the standard grading system at any time up to the last day of classes
for the semester or the Summer term. A student may not revoke a revocation and
re-elect the pass/fail option after the deadline for making the pass/fail election.
No more than six credit hours taken under this election will count toward the
graduation credit requirement. A student may submit election forms for up to six
hours of pass/fail; forms submitted that exceed six hours are null and void.
If a student goes on academic probation, all pass/fail elections the student made
for the probationary semester are nullified.
§ 2.5 Law Review and Moot Court Credit Hour Limitation
A student may receive no more than five hours of credit toward graduation for participation in Law Review, and no more than one credit hour per semester, with the exception of the Editor-in-Chief, Managing Editor, and Executive Notes & Comments Editor of the Law Review, who may earn additional credits (see Dean Sowle for details). A student may receive no more than a total of five credits toward graduation for participation in the Appellate Advocacy course, Moot Court Honor Society, BLSA Moot Court, Environmental Moot Court, International Moot Court, Intellectual Property Moot Court, and any other moot court program. With the exception of the Appellate Advocacy course, a student may take no more than one credit hour per semester of any moot court activity listed herein. A student may not take any moot court credits while enrolled in Appellate Advocacy. The Law Review and moot court credit-hour limitations are separate; a student may earn five credit hours for Law Review and an additional five credit hours for Moot Court.
§ 2.6 Clinical Courses and Externship Limitation
A student may receive no more than 24 credit hours toward graduation for clinical courses and externships combined.
§ 2.7 Pass/Fail Credits
There is currently no overall limit on the number of pass/fail credits a students may take. However, students should be careful to observe the limitations placed on certain types of credits as provided in preceding sections of this Handbook.
§ 2.8 Employment Limitation for Full-Time Day Division Students
A student, whether full-time or part-time, may not be employed for more than 20 hours per week during any semester in which the student is taking 14 or more credits. First-year full-time students may not work more than 20 hours per week even if they take fewer than 14 credits in a semester.
§ 2.9 Exceptions to Limitations
Subject to the limitations described below, the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration
and Student Affairs may grant an exception to any of the provisions in this section
if a student has compelling extenuating circumstances. To request an exception,
a student must submit a petition to the Assistant Dean setting forth
in detail the circumstances necessitating the exception. The faculty does not
recognize a desire to accelerate the date of graduation as a valid reason to exceed
the maximum number of credit hours in a semester.
§ 2.10 Hour Requirements for Financial Aid and Loan Deferment Purposes
See §13.1 for the number of hours required to be considered full-time or part-time for financial aid and loan deferral purposes.
§ 2.11 Legal Writing and Academic Support Program Teaching Assistant Limitations
A student may not receive credit toward graduation for more than four credit hours as a Legal Writing Teaching Assistant or for more than four credit hours as an Academic Support Program Teaching Assistant.
SECTION III. REGISTRATION PROCEDURES
A student may not receive credit for a course unless the student is properly registered for the section of the course for which the grade was submitted.
§ 3.2 Registration Priority
Day Division students
have priority for Day Division classes; Evening Division students have priority
for Evening Division classes. For upper-level elective classes in the 4:00 time slot, seats are allocated
proportionately between Day Division and Evening Division. Within divisions, registration
priority is based on anticipated graduation date, with the earliest graduation
date having the highest priority.
§ 3.3 Sequence of Required Courses
Students must take all required courses at the time prescribed and in the sequence designated in the registration instructions. First-year students are not permitted to change programs, drop required courses, take Incompletes in required courses, or take a reduced class load; see §3.10(c).
§ 3.4 Registration for In-House Clinical Programs
Prior to registration, the Law Offices will solicit applications for positions for the next semester. If more students apply than can be accepted, a lottery will be held to select the students who may register. A list of the students authorized to register for the In-House Clinical Programs will be published prior to the commencement of registration.
§ 3.5 Registration for Externships
(a) Legal Externship. The Legal Externship Program is a 4-credit-hour,
pass/fail program that enables a law student to receive academic credit for working
16 hours a week in an approved legal placement under the supervision of a designated
attorney. Legal Externship consists primarily of a fieldwork experience under
a supervising lawyer approved by the Law School, supplemented by individual and
group meetings throughout the semester between the extern and Professor Vivien
Gross. Students must meet with Prof. Vivien Gross (email@example.com) to apply.
Externships are available for the Fall and Spring semesters and the Summer term.
(b) Judicial Externship. The Judicial Externship Program is a 4-credit-hour, pass/fail program that enables students to work for participating federal court judges and magistrate judges. There is an accompanying classroom component that focuses on aspects of judicial decision-making and their effect on the extern's work product. Judicial Externship is open to Chicago-Kent students in their second and third year who possess the requisite minimum G.P.A. (approximately top 25%). Judges select their externs only through Chicago-Kent's formal application process and do not accept applications directly from students. To register, students must be selected through the law school's application process and obtain permission from Professor Vivien Gross (firstname.lastname@example.org). Applications are available in mid-February for Summer and Fall externships and in late September for Spring externships. A student may enroll for only one Judicial Externship per semester and for a maximum of two Judicial Externships.
§ 3.6 Registration for LL.M. Courses
See §§1.25 for information on the joint J.D./LL.M. degree programs in Taxation and Financial Services. Students in the joint programs must consult with the program directors before registering for LL.M. courses. Non-joint degree students may register for graduate Taxation courses only with the permission of Professor Gerald Brown. Non-joint degree students may register for graduate Financial Services courses provided the student is in his or her final year of Law School and has a 3.200 cumulative GPA or the permission of the director of the program.
§ 3.7 Registration for Independent Research
To register for Independent Research, a student must make arrangements with a full-time faculty member and submit an Independent Research form approved by the faculty member and the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs. The work assigned for Independent Research should have the equivalent educational value as that assigned for Independent Research In Lieu of a Seminar described in §1.3. The course is graded on a pass/fail basis only; a student may not earn a letter grade for Independent Research. A student may earn only one hour of Independent Research credit per semester.
§ 3.8 Registration for Intensive Trial Advocacy
Students must be in good academic standing to enroll in Intensive Trial Advocacy 1. Students in Intensive Trial Advocacy 1 must enroll in Trial Advocacy 2 in the succeeding Spring semester. Intensive Trial Advocacy 1 grades are counted in the Fall semester GPA, but the credit hours do not count toward the maximum number of credit hours permitted in the Fall semester.
§ 3.9 Registration for Courses in Another Division
Students must register for at least one-half of their credit hours in the division in which they are enrolled each semester. Required courses must be taken in the division in which the student is enrolled; elective courses may be taken in the other division. Courses that meet at 4:00 p.m. are considered both Day Division and Evening Division courses. Except for the Saturday sections of Trial Advocacy, all Trial Advocacy courses are considered Evening Division courses.
§ 3.10 Adding and Dropping Courses
(a) Program Changes
(b) Adding Courses
(c) Dropping Courses
§ 3.11 Changing Divisions
A student who wants to change from the Evening to the Day Division, or vice versa, must submit a request to change divisions to the Registrar by the date announced in the Record. Changes are permitted on a space-available basis. If all students can be accommodated, all will be permitted to change divisions; if all students cannot be accommodated, a lottery drawing will be held to determine which students will be permitted to change. First-year students are not eligible to change divisions until after the completion of the first year.
§ 3.12 Class Attendance in Proper Section
Students are required to attend the section of a course for which they are registered. A student may not attend another section of the same course, even if taught by the same instructor.
§ 3.13 Auditing Classes
A J.D. student may audit a course only if (1) the student registers to audit the course by the end of the period prescribed for adding courses (see §3.10(b)), (2) permission of the instructor to audit is obtained prior to the student's registering to audit, and (3) tuition is paid for the course. An auditor receives neither a grade nor credit for the course, but the fact of auditing will appear on the student's transcript. After the period for adding courses has expired, the student may not convert from auditing to graded status or from graded to auditing status. A student who has audited a course may not thereafter take that course for credit without the permission of the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs. A person not enrolled as a student at the Law School may audit a course only with the permission of the Assistant Dean and the instructor.
SECTION IV. WITHDRAWAL AND REENTRY TO THE LAW SCHOOL
To withdraw from the Law School in good standing (either during or between semesters), the student must complete an online withdrawal form. The withdrawal form is required whether the student is permanently withdrawing, withdrawing for one or more semesters with the intention of returning to Chicago-Kent, or transferring to another law school. If a student withdraws during a semester, the student must also drop all of his or her courses using the online registration system. To reenter the Law School in a later semester, the student should contact the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs. The next sections of the Handbook set forth the rules regarding reentry.
§ 4.2 Reentry Before Completion of One Semester
(a) A student who withdraws
from the Law School with good cause before the completion of one semester may
automatically reenter the Law School the next Fall semester in the division in
which the student was originally enrolled, provided the student notifies the Assistant
Dean for Admissions in writing of his or her intention to reenter by May 15 of
the next year. If notification is not received by May 15, reentry shall be permitted
on a space-available basis only. Good cause will be determined by the Assistant
Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs at the time of the withdrawal
and includes, but is not limited to, medical or financial hardship. The reasons
for the withdrawal must be set forth on the Withdrawal form.
(b) A student who withdraws from the Law School without good cause before the completion of one semester will be considered a new applicant and may reenter only with the approval of the Admissions Committee and must comply with all the steps and procedures required of all new applicants to the Law School.
§ 4.3 Reentry After Completion of One Semester, But Before One Year
student who withdraws with good cause after completion of the first semester but
before completion of the first year may automatically reenter the Law School within
two years from the time of withdrawal in the same division in which the student
was originally enrolled, provided the student notifies the Assistant Dean for
Admissions in writing of his or her intention to reenter by May 15 of the year
of reentry. If notification is not received by May 15, readmission shall be permitted
on a space-available basis only. Good cause will be determined in the manner provided
(b) A student who withdraws without good cause
after completion of the first semester but before completion of the first year,
or a student who withdraws with good cause after one semester but does not reenter
within two years, may reenter only with the approval of the Admissions Committee
and must comply with all the steps and procedures required of all new applicants
to the Law School.
(c) In the event of readmission under §4.3(a) or (b) within two years, the grades earned in completed courses will appear on the transcript and will be counted in the student's GPA. In the event the student is readmitted by the Admissions Committee more than two years after the student withdrew, the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs will determine which grades and credits earned in completed courses, if any, will be reflected on the transcript and will be counted in the student's GPA.
§ 4.4 Reentry After Completion of at Least One Year
(a) A student in good
standing after completion of at least one year may be absent from the Law School
for any reason for a maximum of four academic semesters. A Summer session does
not constitute an academic semester. An "absent semester" includes any semester
in which a student withdraws or fails to register. The "absent semesters" may
be consecutive or non-consecutive. A student who has not been absent more than
four semesters is entitled to automatic readmission.
(b) If a student who has been absent four semesters wishes to be absent an additional semester, the student must petition the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs before the next absent semester begins, setting forth the reasons an additional absent semester is requested. The Assistant Dean may grant approval for an additional absent semester upon a showing of good cause. If the petition is not approved, the student may reenter only with the approval of the faculty. Good cause will be determined in the manner provided in §4.2(a).
SECTION V. TRANSFER CREDITS FROM OTHER SCHOOLS
A student seeking permission to take courses at another law school
should submit an Application to Visit at Another Law School to the Assistant Dean
for Academic Administration and Student Affairs. Credit will be awarded only if
the school is ABA-accredited and permission was granted prior to the start of
the coursework. The student must arrange to have an official transcript showing
the grades earned sent directly by the other law school to the Chicago-Kent Registrar.
§ 5.2 Courses at Other Chicago-Area Law Schools
A student seeking permission to take a course at another law school in the Chicago area must obtain permission from the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs, which will be granted only if the course is not offered at Chicago-Kent.
§ 5.3 Credit Hour Limitations for Courses Taken at Other Law Schools
When a student takes courses at another law school, the maximum number of credit hours permitted for the semester or Summer term at Chicago-Kent (not the school being visited) must be observed.
§ 5.4 Credit Hours Required for a Chicago-Kent Degree
A student must earn at least 54 credit hours of Chicago-Kent courses in order to receive a Chicago-Kent College of Law degree. These hours do not include courses taken in other academic units within IIT, e.g., M.B.A. courses. Exceptions may be made in appropriate circumstances by the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs.
§ 5.5 Procedure to Take Non-Law Courses at Graduate Schools
A student in good
standing may receive credit toward the J.D. degree for two non-law graduate-level
courses taken after the student has begun law studies. To be eligible for credit,
the course must be relevant to or enhance the student's law studies and be approved
by the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs. A student
who seeks permission to take a graduate-level course for J.D. credit must submit
a Petition to Take Non-Law Graduate Courses to the Assistant Dean and the petition
must be approved before the graduate course begins.
A student who receives permission to take a graduate-level course in another academic unit within IIT, or at another university, pursuant to this section must arrange to have an official transcript showing the grades earned sent to the Chicago-Kent Registrar. If the grade earned in the course is B- or higher, the credit hours will be counted toward graduation. The grade will not appear on the student's transcript and will not be computed in the student's GPA. If the grade earned is below B-, no credit will be granted for the course. This section does not apply to students enrolled in the joint J.D./M.B.A. program or other joint programs described in §§ 1.23 to 1.26.
SECTION VI. GRADING SYSTEM
Letter grades, A through E, are assigned in all courses other than those graded only on a pass/fail basis. A student may elect to take a letter-graded course on a pass/fail basis in accordance with the provisions of §2.4. No grade will be awarded in a course, whether graded on a letter basis or a pass/fail basis, unless the student is properly registered in the section of the class for which the grade was received. J.D. students taking LL.M. courses may only be awarded grades according to the J.D. grading scale. Grades are awarded on the following scale:
*The grade of Low Pass is awarded to students who pass a pass/fail course but earn a grade lower than a C; see §6.6.
§ 6.2 Computation of Grade Point Average
A grade point system is used to determine academic standing. The GPA is computed by dividing the total number of grade points earned by the total number of graded credit hours. Graded credit hours do not include courses graded WP, P, X, or I, but do include grades of E and WE (whether in a graded or pass/fail course).
§ 6.3 Grade of WP (Withdrew Passing)
If a student withdraws from a course after the second week of classes, the grade of WP (Withdrew Passing) and the course name will appear on the transcript. A WP has no effect on the GPA. An instructor may assign the grade of WP to a student who does not satisfy an attendance requirement.
§ 6.4 Grade of WE (Withdrew Failing)
A student who is officially registered for a course but who fails to take the final examination, or fails to complete any other requirement for the course without the permission of the instructor, will be assigned the grade of WE. This grade counts in the student's grade point average as a failing grade.
§ 6.5 Grade of I (Incomplete)
The grade of Incomplete will be assigned to a student who has been excused
from taking the final examination on good cause shown, or who, with permission,
has failed to complete the required assignments in a course in which written assignments
form a basis for the grade. An instructor may assign the grade of Incomplete to
a student who has not met the attendance requirement specified. To assign the
grade of Incomplete, an Incomplete Grade Agreement must be signed by the faculty
member, the student, and the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student
Affairs and submitted to the Registrar. First-year students are not permitted
to take Incompletes in required courses; see §3.3.
A student must satisfy the requirements set forth in the Incomplete Grade Agreement to have the Incomplete grade replaced with a letter grade and to earn credit for the course. The requirements must be completed within one year from the end of the examination period for the semester in the Incomplete was received. If the terms of the Incomplete Grade Agreement are satisfied by the student, the instructor will indicate a letter grade on the Incomplete Grade Agreement, which will replace the Incomplete grade for the semester in which the Incomplete grade was awarded. If the terms of the Incomplete Agreement are not satisfied by the time specified the Agreement, or within one year if no time is specified, the Incomplete will be replaced with the grade of WE.
A student who is completing the requirements of an Incomplete Grade Agreement during a subsequent semester should not register for the course. Instead, the student must notify the instructor that he or she is making up an Incomplete before attending class, taking an examination, or turning in a paper, and must submit an Incomplete Course Make-up Notice form during the first two weeks of the semester.
§ 6.6 Grades of P (Pass) and LP (Low Pass)
In order to earn the grade of P (Pass) in a course being taken on a pass/fail basis, the student must earn at least the grade of C. If a student earns a C- or lower in a course being taken on a pass/fail basis (but does not fail), the student will be awarded the grade of LP (Low Pass). The LP grade is applicable to all courses and activities being taken on a pass/fail basis, including courses for which the student makes a pass/fail election pursuant to §2.4.
§ 6.7 Effect of Grades of P (Pass), LP (Low Pass), E (Failure), and WP (Withdrew Failing) on GPA
Credit hours graded as a P (Pass) or LP (Low Pass) are counted toward graduation but have no effect on a student's GPA. If a student receives an E (Failure) or WE (Withdrew Failing), whether in a graded or pass/fail course, the grade will be included in the GPA computation as indicated in §6.2.
§ 6.8 Grading Curves
The following curve is mandatory for all required courses, except for: Legal Writing courses, seminars, and specialized Professional Responsibility courses (Ethics and Advocacy; Practice and Professionalism; and Professional Responsibility: Business Ethics). The curve does apply to the basic Professional Responsibility course. The curve is also highly recommended, but not required, for all elective courses (except Appellate Advocacy and Judicial Externship) if at least 40 students are enrolled.
§ 6.9 Anonymous Grading
The Law School uses an anonymous grading system for final written exams. Instructors do not have
access to the identity of students while final examinations are being graded.
Students are assigned random examination numbers each semester to identify their
examinations. The instructor assigns preliminary letter grades to the examinations
and submits these letter grades by examination number. The instructor is then
given the names of the students matched with each student's preliminary grade.
The instructor then has 48 hours to adjust grades according to the criteria announced
to the class at the beginning of the semester, such as class participation, attendance,
and other factors.
After the professor has submitted final grades, grade changes may only be made pursuant to §6.10. The Registrar's office is not permitted to disclose any information regarding the adjustments instructors made to the grades. The student must contact the instructor for information regarding the grade and adjustment.
§ 6.10 Change of Grade
Grade changes may be made by an instructor after the 48-hour adjustment period set forth in §6.9 only with the approval of the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs. The instructor must submit a Grade Change form explaining the reason for the change, which must be signed by the Assistant Dean.
§ 6.11 Deadline for Submission of Grades
Fall Semesters: Faculty members must submit grades within five weeks after the date of the final examination. If there is no final examination (for example, a seminar where the final grade is based on a paper), grades are due five weeks after the last day of the exam period.
Spring Semesters: Faculty members must submit grades within four weeks after the date of the final examination. If there is no final examination, grades are due four weeks after the last day of the exam period.
Summer Sessions: Summer session grades must be submitted within five weeks after the date of the final examination. If there is no final examination, grades are due five weeks after the last day of the exam period.
Graduating Seniors' Grades: Grades for graduating seniors may be due earlier than other students' grades so the Law School may certify graduates to take the bar examination.
§ 6.12 Disclosure of Grades
Students may obtain their final grades through the Web for Students system on the Chicago-Kent web site (grades are not mailed to students). Grades are posted as they are received and approved by the administration. The Registrar is not permitted to disclose grades over the telephone to any person. Students must give written consent for disclosure of grades to an individual other than themselves.
§ 6.13 Class Rank
Subject to the provisions described below, students receive their first class rank at the completion of their first full academic year, and thereafter, every Fall and Spring semester until they graduate. Class ranks are based on cumulative GPA. Classes are ranked by expected date of graduation. Each July, an official final class rank is assigned to each graduate. The class rank is not affected by students who transfer to another law school or withdraw from the Law School after the semester is completed; the departed students will not be included in the next computation of class rank. Once class ranks are released to students, ranks will not be affected by grade changes submitted by instructors subsequent to that date.
Students who graduate in August or December are
ranked with the succeeding May graduating class for purposes of their final class rank.
§ 6.14 Dean's Honor List
Subject to the provisions described below, students who earn a GPA of at least 3.250 for the semester
are placed on the Dean's Honor List. To be eligible for the Dean's Honor List,
full-time Day Division students must have received credit for at least 12 hours
(10 hours for graduating seniors in their last two semesters) for the semester,
and part-time Day Division students and Evening Division students must have received
credit for at least eight hours for the semester. Students taking reduced credits loads with permission of the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs are also eligible for the Dean's Honor List. First-year students are eligible
for the Dean's Honor List for their first semester. In order to be eligible for
the Dean's Honor List, students in the joint J.D./M.B.A. program or other joint
programs described in §§ 1.23 to 1.26 must meet the minimum credit requirements
described above considering their law courses only.
§ 6.15 Transcripts
Students may request an official transcript of their Law
School record be sent to another institution by submitting a Transcript Request
form to the Registrar. A transcript will not be issued if the student's financial
account with the University is delinquent. Official transcripts will not be issued
to students. Unofficial transcripts are available to students and may be accessed
through the Registrar's office home
§ 6.16 CALI Excellence for the Future Award
The CALI Excellence for the Future Award, sponsored by the Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction, is given each semester to the student or students who receive the highest grade in each section of each course. An instructor may elect not to designate a CALI winner. Students who elect to take a letter-graded class passs/fail (see § 2.4) are eligible for the CALI award, in the discretion of the professor.
SECTION VII. EXAMINATIONS
In most courses, the grade is based primarily on one written examination at the conclusion of the course. An instructor may require a written paper in lieu of, or in addition to, an examination. Some instructors give midterm examinations or other assignments, which may or may not be counted in the final grade. Courses designated as practice courses and seminars typically do not have an examination but require either simulated exercises or written assignments involving extensive legal research.
§ 7.2 Exam Schedule and Conflicts
The examination schedule is published with
the class schedule before registration each semester. All students must take their
examinations at the scheduled time, except as provided herein and in §§7.3
and 7.4. If a student registers for two courses with examinations scheduled at
the same time, one examination will be rescheduled. If a final exam is to
be rescheduled, a Final Exam Reschedule form must be completed and submitted to
the Registrar. In addition, the student must sign an Affirmation of Nondisclosure
stating that he or she has not and will not communicate with anyone about any
aspect of the examination.
A student will be deemed to have a conflict if he or she has two exams scheduled within 24 hours (e.g., exams at 8:30 a.m. and 6:00 p.m., or at 6:00 p.m. and 1:15 p.m. the following afternoon). A conflict does not exist if two exams are scheduled exactly 24 hours apart (e.g., exams at 8:30 a.m. and 8:30 a.m. the next morning).
§ 7.3 Missing an Examination
Students are expected to take examinations when
scheduled, even though ill or inconvenienced. However, for serious illness or
other extraordinary or compelling reason beyond the control of the student, a
student may be excused from taking the exam at its scheduled time. Day Division
students will not be excused from an examination for a job-related reason.
A student must notify the Director of Student Services at the earliest possible time in advance of the exam, if the reason for missing the exam is known to the student in advance. When prior notice is not possible, the student must contact the Director of Student Services or the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs as soon during or after the examination as possible to explain the failure to take the examination and, when permitted, to arrange for a makeup examination and/or an Incomplete. Failure to notify the Director of Student Services or the Assistant Dean before grades are submitted will result in the student receiving a failing grade.
§ 7.4 Make-up Examinations
When a student is excused from an exam, the student ordinarily will take the
examination the next time the course is given by the same instructor. However,
if more than one academic year is expected to pass before the instructor offers
the same course, the student will take the exam the next time the course is offered
by any instructor. If an exam is to be taken more than one month after the scheduled
time, an Incomplete Grade Agreement must be completed.
In the discretion
of the instructor, an examination may be given within one month after the end
of the final examination period, rather than the next time the exam is regularly
given. The time of the examination will be arranged by the instructor. A make-up
examination may not be given more than one month after the last day of the final
examination period. Students who will have graduated before the next time the
exam is expected to be given by the instructor will take the exam no later than
one month after the end of the exam period, at a time arranged by the instructor.
If a student requests an examination schedule change for religious reasons, the
examination will be scheduled on the next day which does not violate the student's
religious beliefs, including Sunday.
When a paper or other required assignment is to be made up, the Incomplete Grade Agreement may allow the work to be completed within one year from the date the paper or assignment was originally due.
§ 7.5 Student Conduct During Examinations
Student conduct during examinations is subject to the Chicago-Kent Code of Conduct, which is set forth in Section XIX of this Handbook.
§ 7.6 Examination Procedures
Students must sit in alternate seats during examinations. At the beginning
of the exam, the proctor will advise the students of the time at which the exam
will end and will write the ending time on the blackboard. When time has expired,
the proctor will announce that the exam is over and students must stop writing
immediately and turn in their examinations. Failure to stop writing constitutes
a violation of the Code of Conduct. Students are not permitted to leave their
seats for any reason during the last ten minutes of an exam. When the proctor
announces there are ten minutes left, students must remain seated until the proctor
announces the exam is over. Special rules concerning computer exams will be announced
each semester in the Record or otherwise distributed to students.
A student must not identify himself or herself by name, social security number, or any other designation or symbol anywhere on the examination questions or answer book or sheet; only the examination number assigned to the student should be used. A student should not disclose the examination number to the instructor, either directly or indirectly, until the instructor has submitted the final grades for the course. Failure to comply with these provisions may be a violation of the Code of Conduct, which appears in Section XIX of this Handbook (see §2-1(e) of the Code).
§ 7.7 Determination of Grades
Grades are to be determined solely on the basis of the academic performance of each student according to criteria determined by the course instructor that are consistent with Law School, University, Association of American Law Schools, and American Bar Association policies. It is permissible for an instructor to consider class participation and attendance in determining a student's final grade. During the first week of class, the instructor will advise the students of the factors that will be considered in determining the final grade (e.g., examinations, papers, class participation, attendance, and other appropriate factors). Thereafter, the instructor may inform the students of additions to or changes in the factors with respect to attendance and participation that will be considered in determining the final grade. Such changes will have prospective application only. The evaluation and grading of academic performance are subject to the professional judgment of each instructor. Considerable personal discretion is required in these judgments. A justifiable margin of difference can exist between the evaluation of the same academic performance made by two or more professional persons.
§ 7.8 Review of Examinations and Other Assignments
A faculty member must review an examination or other written assignments with a student, regardless of the grade received, provided the student has complied with reasonable preconditions, such as attending an examination review session or making an appointment within a specified time. A faculty member is not, however, expected to debate the grading.
§ 7.9 Appeal of Grade
A student may appeal a grade by submitting a petition to the faculty alleging that the grade received was the result of capricious grading. Capricious grading constitutes either (1) assignment of a grade on the basis of factors substantially different from those previously announced, or (2) assignment of a grade to the petitioning student by resort to more exacting or demanding criteria than were applied to other students in that course. The judgment of an instructor in assessing the quality of a student's work is not appealable on other grounds. Refer to §7.7.
SECTION VIII. GRADE POINT AVERAGE REQUIREMENTS
(a) The First Academic Semester for
students in the full-time Day Division, including transfer students admitted with
fewer than six hours of credit, ends upon completion of the first semester. The
First Academic Semester for students in either the part-time Day Division or the
Evening Division ends upon completion of the second semester. A part-time Day
Division student or an Evening Division student who transfers to the full-time
Day Division at the end of the student's first semester will be considered a Day
Division student for purposes of this section. A summer session is not considered a First Academic Semester, with the exception of first-year Evening Division students who defer Property to the Summer term after their first year.
§ 8.2 (Reserved)
§ 8.3 GPA Requirements
A student must attain a cumulative GPA of at least 2.300
for the First Academic Semester and at the end of each Advanced Semester to remain
in good academic standing. In computing a student's cumulative GPA, a grade received
to replace an Incomplete grade is counted in the cumulative GPA in the semester
in which the Incomplete was given. See §8.1(c) and (d) for calculation of the cumulative GPA for probation and dismissal purposes for first-year students after the conclusion of the Spring semester.
§ 8.4 Dismissal From the Law School
A student whose
cumulative GPA falls below 1.700 at the end of the First Academic Semester will
be dismissed from the Law School for academic reasons. Students who fail the same required course twice shall not be permitted to reregister for that course and shall be dismissed from the Law School. See § 8.1(c) and (d) for calculation of the cumulative GPA for probation and dismissal purposes for first-year students after the conclusion of the Spring semester.
§ 8.5 Academic Probation
(a) A student will be placed on academic probation if his/her GPA is at least 1.700 but below 2.300 at the end of the First Academic Semester.
If the cumulative GPA of a student falls below 2.300 at the end of any Advanced Semester, the student will be placed
on academic probation. A student on academic probation will be entitled to one
or more semesters of academic probation as provided in the following subsections.
(b) Except as provided in §8.5(e), a student is permitted only one probationary semester within which to attain a
cumulative GPA of at least 2.300. If the student attains that cumulative GPA,
the student regains good academic standing at the end of the probationary semester.
If a student regains good academic standing and his/her cumulative GPA later falls
below 2.300, the student will be permanently dismissed from the Law School without
(c) The probationary semester is the first academic semester after the effective date the student is placed on probation, which is the last day of the semester in which the GPA fell below the minimum GPA, regardless of the date of receipt of such grades. A Summer session may not serve as the probationary semester.
(d) A student may withdraw from the law school prior to the probationary semester. A student may withdraw during the probationary semester only with the approval of the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs. In the event of withdrawal prior to or during the probationary semester, the student must re-enroll in the law school for the probationary semester the next academic semester, unless the student receives permission of the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs to further postpone the probationary semester. Failure to enroll in either the first or second academic semester after the effective date the student is placed on academic probation, without permission of the Assistant Dean of Academic Administration and Student Affairs, will result in dismissal from the law school.
student who fails to achieve a
cumulative GPA of at least 2.300 at the end of the probationary semester will
be dismissed permanently from the Law School unless the student earned a GPA of
2.600 or higher in the probationary semester. A student who earns a GPA of at
least 2.600 in the probationary semester is entitled to a second probationary
semester within which to achieve a cumulative GPA of at least 2.300. A student
who fails to achieve a cumulative GPA of at least 2.300 at the end of the second
probationary semester will be dismissed permanently from the Law School regardless
of the GPA earned in the second probationary semester.
§ 8.6 Effect of Summer Session Grades on the Probationary Semester
All students who have not been notified that they have been dismissed may enroll in the Summer session. The Summer session will not be considered a student's probationary semester.
If a student is notified that her or she has been dismissed as of the previous Spring semester, the student must immediately withdraw from the Summer session; the tuition for the Summer session will be refunded. This provision applies regardless of when the student is notified of the dismissal, even if the such notification is received after the Summer session has concluded. If the student has been dismissed as of the prior Spring semester, grades received during the Summer session are void and will not count for any purpose.
If a student will be on academic probation in the Fall semester, the student may enroll in the Summer session. The Summer session will not be considered the student's probationary semester. The grades earned during the Summer session will be averaged together with the grades earned during the fall probationary semester to determine if the student has met the 2.300 requirement of §8.5(b), but will not be averaged to determine if the student has met the 2.600 requirement of §8.5(e).
§ 8.7 Applications for Readmission
Students dismissed for failing to satisfy the minimum GPA requirements may apply for readmission to the law school as a new student after three years from the date of dismissal. Students admitted under this procedure will not receive credit for any course work previously completed and will have to complete all courses required for new students at the time of readmission. In considering applications for readmission, the applicant's prior dismissal will be considered as a negative factor. In order to be admitted under this procedure, the applicant must provide evidence to the Admissions Committee that he/she possesses the requisite ability and that the applicant's prior dismissal does not indicate a lack of capacity to complete the course of study.
§ 8.8 Repeated Courses
A student who receives the grade of E or WE in a required
course must retake the course at the earliest opportunity. A student who receives
the grade of E or WE in an elective course may, but is not required to, register
for the course in a subsequent semester and receive credit by successfully passing
the course on repeat. If a student repeats a course in which an E or WE was received,
full tuition must be paid for the course the second time and the student's cumulative
GPA will include both the E or WE grade and the grade received on repeat. A student
may not repeat a course in which the grade of D- or higher was received.
SECTION IX. CLASS ATTENDANCE
Each student is expected to attend all classes regularly and punctually, to be prepared, to participate in the discussion, and to remain throughout the session. An instructor may notify the class of reasonable attendance requirements and may deduct credit or award the grade of WP or Incomplete if a student fails to meet the requirements.
§ 9.2 Failure of an Instructor to Appear in Class
If an instructor does not appear in class within 15 minutes after the class is scheduled to begin and has not given notice that he or she will be late, the students may presume the class has been canceled.
§ 9.3 Tape Recording Class Sessions
Video and/or sound recording of any classroom activities requires the approval of the faculty in charge of the class and reasonable notice to all those in attendance. The faculty member in charge of the class is permitted but not required to impose additional reasonable conditions on recording, including, but not limited to, consent of the entire class and a prohibition on posting the recording on the internet or through any forms of social media.
§ 9.4 Scheduling of Make-up Classes
No instructor shall schedule a make-up class during the period designated "Read Period," except on the first day of that period. Optional review sessions are permitted during the remainder of the period. Faculty should make every effort to schedule make-up classes during the regular semester, considering the feasibility of scheduling them during the two periods of time each week during which no regular classes are scheduled.
At the beginning of each semester, the Dean announces the schedule of faculty meetings for the semester. Meetings are generally held each month classes are in session during the Fall and Spring semesters.
§ 10.2 Student Representation
The Student Bar Association president is invited to attend faculty meetings and may participate in most matters, except those involving individual students or faculty members. The SBA president may vote on all matters in which he or she may participate. Faculty meetings are closed to the general student body.
§ 10.3 Publication of Minutes of Faculty Meetings
Minutes of faculty meetings (with deletion of matters relating to individual students) will be made available to the SBA president, who may make them available to the student body in an appropriate manner.
§ 10.4 Student Representation on Faculty Committees
The Dean will designate which faculty committees shall have student representation and how the student representatives shall be selected.
SECTION XI. CURRICULAR MATTERS
The courses required for the J.D. degree are listed in §1.2. Descriptions of courses are published on the Chicago-Kent web site.
Courses with an asterisk (*) cover
material that is likely to be tested on many states' bar examinations, including
that of Illinois. Other subject areas may also be tested; you should review the
Bar Exam Information section of each semester's Registration Bulletin or,
if you plan to take another state's bar examination, contact the bar examiners
in that state before deciding which of these and other courses to take.
§ 11.3 Course Prerequisites
A student must have completed the prerequisite(s) indicated below before taking the courses. Other prerequisites may be published in the Registration Bulletin. A student who registers for a course without the necessary prerequisite will be removed from the course regardless of when the noncompliance is discovered. A student seeking to have a prerequisite waived should complete a Waiver of Prerequisite form and have it approved by the instructor and the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs prior to registration.
Courses listed as "recommended" are helpful but not required. Course names following the underlined course are prerequisites unless otherwise indicated.
Administrative Law - Constitutional Law
Advanced Property: Real Estate Transactions - Property
Advanced Tax Transactions - Personal Income Tax
Alternative Dispute Resolution - 40 credit hours completed; not available if you have taken either Mediation or Negotiations
Banking Law - recommended: Estates and Trusts; Business Organizations
Bankruptcy - recommended: Secured Transactions
Business Entity Formation - Business Organizations
Complex Litigation - Civil Procedure
Constitutional Torts/Section 1983 - Constitutional Law
Construction Law - Property
Corporate Finance - Business Organizations; recommended: Accounting for Lawyers and Securities Regulation
Employment Discrimination - recommended: Constitutional Law
Employment Litigation - either Employment Discrimination or Employment Relationships
Environmental Law and Policy 1 - Property
Environmental Law seminars - Environmental Law & Policy 2
Estate Planning - Estates and Trusts, Personal Income Tax, and Gift & Estate Tax completed or being taken concurrently
Estates and Trusts - Property
Federal Courts - Civil Procedure and Constitutional Law
First Amendment - Constitutional Law completed or being taken concurrently
First Amendment Theory - Constitutional Law completed or being taken concurrently
Futures Regulation - recommended:
Administrative Law and Securities Regulation
Gift & Estate Tax - Personal Income Tax completed or being taken concurrently; recommended: Estates and Trusts
In-House Clinical Tax Program - Personal Income Tax and permission of Law Offices
International Criminal Law - International Law
International Environmental Law - Environmental Law & Policy 2
Land Use - Property
Mediation - 40 hours completed; not available
if you've had ADR.
Litigation seminar - Patent Law
Public Sector Employment - recommended preparation: Labor Law
Remedies - Property and Civil Procedure; recommended: Evidence
Securities Regulations - Business Organizations
Tax Procedure - Personal Income Tax
Taxation of Business Entities - Personal Income Tax; recommended: Accounting for Lawyers; Business Organizations
Tax Planning for International Business - Personal Income Tax
Trial Advocacy 1 - Evidence; Civil Procedure
Trial Advocacy 2 - Trial Advocacy 1
SECTION XII. TUITION AND FEES
Tuition information is available by clicking here.
§ 12.2 U-Pass Fee
Full-time Day Division students are assessed a U-Pass fee each semester. The current amount of the fee is available by clicking here. The U-Pass is a discount fare card allowing unlimited rides on all Chicago Transit Authority buses and trains. Due to restrictions imposed by the CTA, the program is not currently available to Part-time Day Division students or Evening Division students.
§ 12.3 Student Activities Fee
A student activities fee, as well as a supplemental loan repayment assistance program fee, are charged each semester. The student activities fee supports activities of the Student Bar Association and official student organizations. The current amounts of the fees are available by clicking here.
§ 12.4 Student Insurance
Information about student health insurance is available by clicking here.
§ 12.5 Change of Program
There is no fee to process program changes. However, tuition is charged for dropped courses according to the tuition refund policy in §12.10.
§ 12.6 Course Materials
Course materials, including textbooks and photocopied materials, are sold through the Downtown Campus Bookstore on the Concourse Level.
§ 12.7 Payment of Charges
Tuition and fees are payable in the manner and at the time specified in each semester's Registration Bulletin. Past-due tuition and fees must be paid in full before a student may register.
§ 12.8 Financial Delinquency
Any student who fails to meet the required payments as provided in §12.7 will be charged a late penalty, as described in each semester's Registration Bulletin.
Students with delinquent accounts are subject to suspension and exclusion from classes after being notified by the Student Accounting Office. These students may not be permitted to take final examinations, receive course credits or transcripts, register for a subsequent semester, receive a degree or be certified to the bar examiners.
§ 12.9 Dishonored Checks
A dishonored check may result in exclusion from classes.
§ 12.10 Tuition Refund Policy
Tuition is charged for all courses for which a student is registered unless the student officially drops the course in accordance with §3.10(a). There is no tuition penalty if a student drops a course during the first two weeks of classes in the Fall or Spring semester. There will be no tuition refund, however, if a student drops a course after the second week of classes in the Fall or Spring semester. For the Summer session, tuition will be refunded only if a student drops a course during the first week of the term.
§ 12.11 Tuition Refund Policy: Special Situations
No tuition will be charged, and a full refund will be made of any amounts paid, upon application supported by proof, as necessary, under the following circumstances: (1) a course in which the student is registered is cancelled; (2) death or serious injury causing incapacity occurs to the student before the end of the twelfth week of class (sixth week of class in a Summer session); or (3) a student is dropped from courses because he or she has been dismissed from the Law School for failure to meet academic requirements during the immediately preceding semester of instruction. Under other exceptional circumstances, such as withdrawal for voluntary military service, serious illness, or action by the University, consideration may be given to a prorated refund or credit for unused tuition upon written request to the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs.
SECTION XIII. FINANCIAL AID AND SCHOLARHIPS
Additional information about financial aid is available from the Office of Financial Aid in Suite 230 and the Office of Financial Aid's home page. Additional information about scholarship programs is available from the Office of Admissions in Suite 230.
Information about full-time and half-time status for
financial aid purposes is available on the Office of Financial Aid's web site.
§ 13.2 Scholarships
The law school provides a range of scholarships. A summary of the types of available awards is available online by clicking here. Questions about scholarship awards should be directed to Gabriela Amador, Director of Admissions, at email@example.com.
§ 13.3 Scholarship Policies
The law school's policies on the award and retention of scholarships are available by clicking here. Questions about scholarship awards should be directed to Gabriela Amador, Director
of Admissions, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
§ 13.4 Outside Scholarships
§ 13.5 Student Loans
Both federally-funded and privately-funded loan programs are available for law students. Information on loan programs, the requirements for applying for loans, and the law school's policies with respect to financial aid is available by clicking here.
§ 13.6 Sandra Baez Emergency Loan Fund
Students may borrow up to $300 for 60 days without interest from the Sandra Baez Emergency Loan Fund The fund is administered by the Dean of Administration and Finance in Suite 265.
§ 13.7 Summer Session Loans
Students who plan to take summer courses at Chicago-Kent or at another law school in the United States or Overseas are eligible to apply for either the federal or private loans. For information on applying for summer session loans, click here.
§ 13.8 Visiting Another Law School or Visiting Overseas
Information about financial aid for students who will visit at another law school (including an overseas program) during the academic year is available by clicking here.
§ 13.9 Veterans
Information about educational benefits for veterans is available by clicking here.
§ 13.10 Deferments
To postpone the payments on your outstanding student loans, you must request an in-school deferment from your loan servicer. To request an in-school deferment you must contact your servicer to obtain an in-school deferment form. Complete the student section of the form and give the form to the Registrar's Office. The Registrar’s Office will complete a pre-enrollment verification with your servicer(s). Please be aware that your in-school deferment will not start until classes begin.
SECTION XIV. GENERAL INFORMATION
Official notices are printed in the
Record, an online newsletter produced each week during the academic year
when classes are in session. The Record is posted on the Chicago-Kent web
site each Friday afternoon for the following week. All notices published in the
Record are deemed to have been communicated to all students; the Record
serves as "constructive notice."
Faculty, staff, and student organizations may have notices or announcements published in the Record by e-mailing email@example.com by Thursday at noon for inclusion in the following week's edition.
§ 14.2 Bulletin Boards and Posting of Notices
Selected announcements and notices
are posted on the Law School bulletin boards located outside the Registrar's office
on the east and west walls of the second floor. Class cancellation notices are
posted on the board to the left of the first-floor stairs opposite the front doors
of the building. Students should check these bulletin boards frequently for announcements
such as course assignments, class cancellations, and make-up classes. Career Services
bulletin boards are located in the west corridor of the third floor.
Student organization and general student bulletin boards are located on the Concourse level and in the third floor of the Cafeteria. Notices and literature are not permitted any place other than these bulletin boards. Specifically, notices may not be posted on any walls or glass, on doors or lockers, or in restrooms, elevators, or the Library. Stacked materials must be placed in or near the display racks on the Concourse level, not stacked along the walls of the Concourse. Commercial solicitation is not permitted in the Law School building. All unauthorized postings and materials will be removed and discarded.
§ 14.3 Rule 711 Licenses
A student who has successfully completed 44 credit hours
(half of the credit hours required for graduation) may obtain an Illinois Supreme
Court Rule 711 License to practice law under the terms and conditions set forth
in the Rule. Students may not apply for the license until they have received grades
in courses totaling 44 credit hours; it is not permissible to apply after
taking final exams (but before grades have been received) in courses totaling
44 credit hours.
§ 14.4 Privacy Rights and Access to Educational Records
Chicago-Kent College of Law respects the rights of privacy of its students and acknowledges the responsibility to maintain confidentiality of personally identifiable educational records. The law school will comply with The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), which affords students certain rights with respect to their education records. They are:
(1) The right to inspect and review the student's education records within 45 days of the day the University received a request for access. Students should submit to the Registrar a written request that identifies the records they wish to inspect. The Registrar will make arrangements for access and notify the student when the records may be inspected. If the records are not maintained by the Registrar, the Registrar will advise the student of the correct official to whom the request should be addressed.
(2) The right to request the amendment of the student's education records that the student believes are inaccurate or misleading. Students may ask the law school to amend a record that they believe is inaccurate or misleading. They should write the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs and identify the part of the record they want changed, and specify why it is inaccurate or misleading. If the Assistant Dean deteremines not to amend the record as requested by the student, he or she will notify the student of the decision and advise the student of his or her right to a hearing regarding the request for amendment. Additional information regarding the hearing procedures will be provided to the student when notified of the right to a hearing.
(3) The law school has adopted a policy of not disclosing personally identifiable information, other than the directory information described in §14.5, from the educational records of a student without his or her prior written consent, except in the following instances permitted under FERPA: (1) To school officials, including teachers, within the educational institution who have a legitimate educational interest. A school official is a person employed by the University in an administrative, supervisory, academic or research, or support staff position (including law enforcement unit personnel and health staff); a person or company with whom the University has contracted (such as an attorney, auditor, or collection agent); or a student serving on an official committee, such as a disciplinary or grievance committee, or assisting another school official in performing his or her tasks. (2) To officials of another school in which the student seeks or intends to enroll, provided that a documented attempt will be made to notify the student of intended disclosure, prior to submission of such information. (3) To certain authorized representatives of the United States and state agencies who require such information to carry out lawful functions. (4) In connection with the student's application for, or receipt of, financial aid. (5) To organizations conducting studies for, or on behalf of, educational agencies or institutions, if these studies are conducted in a manner that will not permit the personal identification of students and if the information will be destroyed when no longer needed for the purpose for which it is conducted. (6) To accrediting organizations in order to carry out their accrediting functions. (7) To comply with a judicial order or lawfully issued subpoena. (8) To appropriate parties in health or safety emergencies. (9) To parents of dependent Chicago-Kent students, as defined in Section 152 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
§ 14.5 Directory Information
Chicago-Kent reserves the right to release at its own discretion the following
directory information about enrolled students: name of student; date and place
of birth; local address, phone number, and e-mail address; home address and phone
number; enrollment status and dates of attendance at Chicago-Kent; positions held,
place of employment, and extension number of students employed by Chicago-Kent;
memberships in officially recognized campus organizations, including offices held
in such organizations; degrees earned and special awards and recognition given;
photograph of student; and all information requested by the Illinois Board of
Admissions to the Bar and bar exam officials of other states for all students
and former students. Such directory information available from educational records
kept by Chicago-Kent may also be released concerning former students for the time
during which they were registered as students at Chicago-Kent.
§ 14.6 Reservation of Rooms and Scheduling of Events
The Office of Administration and Finance (Suite 265) is responsible for scheduling rooms for events held in the Law School building. Any group or individual, including an instructor, who wishes to use a room for any purpose other than a regularly scheduled class (e.g., a speaker, make-up class, or committee or organization meeting) must submit a room request using the online room reservation form linked to the Office of Administration and Finance Record page. An e-mail confirmation will be sent to the person submitting the request within 24 business hours from receipt of the properly completed form.
§ 14.7 Use of Facilities
An organization not associated with the Law School that wishes to use Law School facilities must submit a letter at least two weeks in advance to the Office of Administration and Finance, Suite 265. Organizations not associated with the Law School will be charged room rental fees and other applicable charges.
§ 14.8 Lost and Found
Students should not leave personal belongings unattended in classrooms, offices, lounges, washrooms, the Library, or any other area of the Law School building. Found items should be taken to the front lobby reception desk, where a lost and found service is maintained.
§ 14.9 Lockers
Lockers assignments are arranged by the Registrar. Students retain their assigned locker throughout their years at Chicago-Kent.
§ 14.10 Bookstore
The Downtown Campus Bookstore is located on the Concourse level (312/906-5605). The bookstore carries an extensive line of casebooks, study aids, supplies, gifts, greeting cards, and clothing. The bookstore is open Monday through Friday; hours are posted. For information on ordering course materials online, go to the Bookstore link on the main Student Portal page on the Law School's web site.
§ 14.11 ID Cards
Photo ID cards are issued by the Registrar's office. All Chicago-Kent students must obtain an ID card at the beginning of their first semester.
§ 14.12 Parking
Special parking rates may be available in nearby parking lots. Students should contact the Office of Administration and Finance for current information.
§ 14.13 IIT Main Campus Facilities
Chicago-Kent students are welcome to use the gym, swimming pool, bowling alley, and other facilities on IIT's Main Campus. For information regarding the hours and availability of facilities, contact the Student and Academic Affairs office on the main campus at 567-3305 (extension 73305 from phones within the law school).
§ 14.14 Shuttle Bus Service to Main Campus
IIT provides free bus service between the Law School and the IIT Main Campus. The schedule is available online through the Office of Administration and Finance Record page. Print copies are available at the front lobby reception desk. A valid Chicago-Kent ID card must be presented to the driver on request.
§ 14.15 Personal Mail
Students may not use the Law School address for personal mail. Such mail will be returned to the Post Office as undeliverable.
§ 14.16 School Closing Due to Inclement Weather
Announcements concerning closing of the Law School due to inclement weather will be broadcast by WGN Radio (AM 720), WBBM Radio (AM 780), ZONE Radio (FM 94.7), and on the following Chicago TV stations: Channel 2 (CBS), Channel 5 (NBC), Channel 7 (ABC), Channel 9 (WGN), and Channel 32 (FOX). You may also call 312/222-SNOW, or go to http://www.emergencyclosings.com (check under IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law).
§ 14.17 Alcoholic Beverages
Alcoholic beverages may not be sold on Law School property. Alcoholic beverages may be served on Law School property provided prior permission is obtained. To secure permission, a Request to Serve Alcohol form must be submitted to the Office of Administration and Finance (Suite 265) at least two weeks prior to the event at which alcoholic beverages are to be served.
§ 14.18 Smoking Policy
Smoking is not permitted in the Law School building.
§ 14.19 Student Complaints
Chicago-Kent College of Law is accredited by the American Bar Association and is subject to the ABA’s Standards for Approval of Law Schools, available at http://www.americanbar.org/groups/legal_education/resources/standards.html. Listed below are the procedures that a student should use if the student believes there is a significant problem that directly implicates the Law School’s program of legal education and its compliance with the ABA Standards.
1. The student should submit the complaint by email, postal mail, personal delivery, or fax to the Dean or to the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs.
2. The complaint should describe in detail the grounds for the complaint and how the matter implicates the Law School’s program of legal education and/or its compliance with one or more ABA Standard(s).
3. The complaint should include the name of, and contact information for, the complaining student so that a response can be made to the student.
4. The administrator to whom the complaint is submitted will acknowledge the complaint within three business days of receipt. Acknowledgment may be made by e-mail, postal mail, personal delivery, or fax.
5. Within two weeks of acknowledgment of the complaint, the administrator, or the administrator’s designee, shall respond to the substance of the complaint either by meeting with the complaining student or by written response. If the administrator determines that the complaint warrants corrective action or further investigation, the complaining student will be informed of the steps being taken to address or investigate the complaint. If further investigation is needed, the student will be informed of the results within two weeks after completion of the investigation.
6. Appeals regarding decisions on complaints may be taken to the Dean of the Law School or, if the Dean has decided the merits of the complaint, the Provost of the University. Any decision made on appeal by the Dean or the Provost shall be final.
7. A copy of the complaint and a summary of the process and resolution of the complaint shall be kept in the office of the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs for a period of eight years from the date of final resolution of the complaint.
§ 14.20 Escort Service
The security staff will escort students to their cars in the evening; information about this service is available at the registration desk in the front lobby.
§ 14.21 Disability Accommodations
The university arranges for reasonable accommodations for students with special needs, as required by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Accommodations require documentation from the appropriate medical professionals and can be made for a variety of situations. Because some accommodations required advance planning, it is advisable to begin the process as soon as possible. For more information see the webstie for the IIT Center for Disability Resources.
Students who wish to request accommodations may contact the IIT Center for Disability Resources directly (312-567-5744, or firstname.lastname@example.org), or may contact the Law School's Director of Student Services, Jenna Abhijeet, at (312) 906-5005.
SECTION XV. (Reserved)
SECTION XVI. ANTI-DISCRIMINATION AND HARASSMENT POLICIES
As a member of the Association of American Law Schools and in conformity
with its bylaws, the faculty of Chicago-Kent adopted the following policy: Chicago-Kent
College of Law of the Illinois Institute of Technology provides equality of opportunity
in legal education for all persons, including faculty and employees, with respect
to hiring, continuation, promotion and tenure, applicants for admission, enrolled
students, and alumni, without discrimination on the ground of race, color, religion,
national origin, gender, age, disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity.
§ 16.2 IIT Policy on Equality of Opportunity
is the intention of Illinois Institute of Technology to act in accordance with
all regulations of the federal, state, and local governments in respect to providing
equality of opportunity in employment and in education, insofar as those regulations
may pertain to IIT. IIT prohibits and will act to eliminate discrimination on
the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, gender, sexual orientation,
age, disability or veteran status.
§ 16.3 IIT Policy on Sexual Harassment and Misconduct
Illinois Institute of Technology is committed to ensuring
an environment for all members of the university community that is fair, humane,
and respectful--an environment which supports and rewards student, faculty and
staff performance on the basis of relevant considerations such as ability and
effort. Behaviors that inappropriately assert sexuality as relevant to student,
faculty or staff performance damage this environment.
IIT will provide for its students, faculty and staff an educational and employment
environment free of unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and
other verbal or physical conduct or communications constituting sexual harassment
as defined and otherwise prohibited by local, state and federal law.
The entire sexual harassment policy, including procedures for reporting violations, is available by clicking here.
SECTION XVII. DOWNTOWN CAMPUS LIBRARY
The Library's hours of operation are available in the Record and by clicking here.
§ 17.2 General Rules
General library policies are available by clicking here.
§ 17.3 Circulation Policies
SECTION XVIII. CAREER SERVICES
Information about the polices and procedures followed by the Career Services Office is available on the Law School's web site by clicking here.
SECTION XIX. CODE OF CONDUCT
§1-1 Alleged Violator: the student or former student suspected of having violated this Code who is named in the complaint or named by the Prosecutor pursuant to 5-4(d). Whenever the term appears, it also shall refer to the Alleged Violator's chosen representative.
§1-2 Associate Dean: the Associate Dean for the Faculty and Interprofessional Activities
§1-3 College: IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law.
§1-4 Complainant: the person who filed the complaint that alleges that a violation of this Code has occurred.
§1-5 Dean: The Dean of the College may designate any full-time voting faculty member or the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs to perform the duties imposed upon the Dean by this Code, in which case "Dean" shall mean the designated individual. In any case in which the Dean is either an interested faculty member, a complainant, or an occurrence witness, the Associate Dean shall perform the duties imposed upon the Dean by this Code. If, in such a case, the Associate Dean is either an interested faculty member, a complainant, or an occurrence witness, the faculty members of the Academic Standards Committee shall elect a disinterested full-time voting member of the faculty to perform the duties imposed upon the Dean by this Code.
§1-6 Inform: When a provision of this Code requires that an individual "inform" another person, the communication may be made in person, by telephone, by letter or any other means.
§1-7 Interested faculty member or administrator: An interested faculty member is a faculty member in whose course the alleged violation of this Code occurred. In legal writing courses, both the section instructor and the Director of Legal Research are interested faculty members. With respect to alleged violations involving functions within the jurisdiction of an administrator, that administrator is an interested faculty member.
§1-8 Law School: Chicago-Kent College of Law.
§1-9 Notify: When a provision of this Code requires an individual to "notify" another person, such notification shall be by certified mail (however, return receipt need not be requested), registered e-mail, and in addition, may be by any other means.
§1-10 Presiding Officer: the Presiding Officer of the Tribunal.
§1-11 Publish: When a provision of this Code requires an individual to "publish" a notice or finding, such publication shall be either in the Record or on the official administration bulletin board or both, but shall not identify the names of the Alleged Violators.
§1-12 Tribunal: the Law School Discipline Tribunal.
§2-1 Academic Misconduct
It shall be a violation of this Code for a matriculated or non-matriculated student, whether or not currently enrolled in the College, to engage in or attempt to engage in any of the following conduct, which, unless otherwise stated, must be done knowingly, recklessly, or negligently:
(a) representing, expressly or impliedly, the work of another to be one's own;
(b) giving, obtaining, or soliciting unauthorized assistance or using unauthorized material in the preparation of material to be submitted or presented in a class, law review assignment or competition, moot court assignment or competition, client counseling competition, essay contest which the student is able to enter by virtue of being a law student, or similar activity;
(c) knowingly or recklessly hiding or stealing library material, or withdrawing such books or material from the library without properly charging them out, or defacing such books or material;
(d) violating any rule imposed by the instructor or exam proctor;
(e) identifying himself/herself by name or any other designation or symbol anywhere on the examination questions or answer booklet or disclosing his/her examination number to an instructor, either directly or indirectly, prior to the instructor having reported the grades for the course to the Registrar;
(f) copying; or giving, receiving or soliciting unauthorized assistance or information during an exam;
(g) using unauthorized material during an exam;
(h) obtaining an exam, assignment, answer sheet or similar material in an unauthorized manner or at an unauthorized time;
(i) writing after the exam time has expired;
(j) making material misrepresentations in any
submissions to or through the Admissions Office or the Career Services Office
or to a potential employer; or
(k) otherwise seeking to gain an unfair advantage over another student.
§2-2 Nonacademic Misconduct
It shall be a violation of this Code for a matriculated or non-matriculated student, whether or not currently enrolled in the College, to engage in or attempt to engage in any of the following conduct if it (a) affects or threatens to affect another IIT student or a member of the faculty, staff or administration of IIT; or (b) occurs on IIT premises or at a function sponsored by IIT or by an IIT student organization. Unless otherwise stated, such conduct must be done knowingly, recklessly or negligently.
(a) Engaging in dishonest conduct, including cheating, plagiarizing, or knowingly furnishing false information to the university;
(b) Forging, altering, or using university documents, records, or instruments of identification with intent to defraud;
(c) Harassing and/or hazing in all forms, which includes, but is not limited to, striking, laying hands upon, threatening with violence, or offering to do bodily harm to another person, or other treatment of a demeaning, abusive, taunting, or alarming nature;
(d) Intentionally obstructing or disrupting teaching, research, administration, disciplinary proceedings, or other university activities and other authorized activities on IIT's premises;
(e) Physically abusing any person or engaging in conduct that threatens or endangers the health or safety of any such person;
(f) Selling, distributing, manufacturing, using, or possessing illegal drugs;
(g) Possessing or using firearms, fireworks, explosives, or weapons of any description, for any purpose;
(h) Stealing from or damaging university premises, or property of a member of the IIT community on the university premises;
(i) Failing to comply with directions of university officials or engaging in disorderly or abusive conduct toward university officials acting in performance of their duties;
(j) Violating published university regulations, including regulations relating to entry and use of IIT facilities and alleged copyright infringement under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA);
(k) Violating federal, state, or municipal laws on university premises (or in university residence halls) in a way that adversely affects the functioning of the university;
(l) Making false statements to, presenting false evidence to, or failing to comply with a subpoena issued by the Tribunal or otherwise obstructing the administration of this Code.
(m) Sexual misconduct, which includes:
§2-3 Felony Conviction
Any felony conviction that occurs prior to a student's first admission to the College, if not disclosed on the student's application, or after the student's first admission to the College and prior to the student's graduation from the College shall be a per-se violation of this Code. Upon notification of such a conviction, the Tribunal shall proceed in accordance with §6-4 to determine the appropriate sanction; provided, however, that in the event of an appeal of the felony conviction, the Tribunal may suspend the Alleged Violator from the College pending final determination of the appeal.
§3-1 The Law School Discipline Tribunal shall have jurisdiction over all alleged violations of this Code.
§3-2 The Tribunal shall have jurisdiction whether or not the Alleged Violator is currently enrolled in the College. The Tribunal may proceed in the absence of the Alleged Violator who, after due notice, fails to be present or to participate in the proceedings. A finding that the Alleged Violator is guilty of a violation of this Code shall not be based solely on the absence of the Alleged Violator.
§3-3 There shall be two Tribunals convened each year; the Dean shall have the discretion to assign a case to either of the Tribunals. Each Law School Discipline Tribunal shall consist of three members: two faculty and one student. The Dean shall appoint one member of each Tribunal as its Presiding Officer.
(a) The faculty members of the Tribunal shall be appointed by the Dean for two-year terms which shall commence on May 1. The terms of the faculty members of each panel shall be staggered. During the first year of this Code, the Dean shall appoint one faculty member to each Tribunal with a one-year term and one faculty member with a two-year term. Once a Charge has been submitted to a Tribunal pursuant to §5-6, the members of that Tribunal shall have jurisdiction over the Charge until its final disposition, notwithstanding the termination of a Tribunal member's term of office.
(b) Only full-time voting members of the faculty may serve on a Tribunal. The Dean and the Associate Dean shall not be eligible to serve on a Tribunal.
(c) If a faculty member of a Tribunal is an interested faculty member, an occurrence witness, or the complainant in a particular case, or if he/she recuses himself/herself, the Dean shall appoint a replacement for him or her for purposes of that case only.
(d) If a faculty vacancy occurs on a Tribunal, the Dean shall appoint a replacement to serve out the unexpired term.
(a) The student member of each Tribunal shall be appointed by the Dean from a panel of students selected by the Student Bar Association. The student member shall be appointed for a one-year term which shall commence on May 1.
(b) If the student member of a Tribunal is the complainant, an occurrence witness, or the Alleged Violator in a particular case, or if he/she recuses himself/herself, the Dean shall appoint a replacement for purposes of that case only.
(c) If a complaint alleging a violation of this Code is filed against a student member of a Tribunal, he/she may continue to sit on the Tribunal while the complaint is investigated. Upon a finding of probable cause by the Prosecutor, the student shall be disqualified from sitting on the Tribunal pending resolution of the case. Upon conviction, the student member shall be removed from the Tribunal.
(d) If a student vacancy occurs on a Tribunal, the Dean shall appoint a replacement to serve out the unexpired term.
§4-1 An Alleged Violator may at any time admit to the Tribunal his/her violation of this Code. The Tribunal may find the Alleged Violator guilty and proceed in accordance with §6-4. A student may not plead nolo contendere.
§5-1 Any person (including a faculty member or administrator) who has a reasonable basis for believing a violation has occurred has an obligation to file a complaint with the Dean. The complaint shall be in writing, signed by the complainant, and shall contain a statement of facts upon which the complaint is based. Any proceeding under this Code shall provide a prompt, fair, and impartial process from the initial investigation to the final result.
§5-2 There shall be no period of limitation for filing complaints, but prejudice resulting from excessive delay may be a defense as set forth in §5-9.
(a) Upon receiving a complaint, the Dean shall appoint a Prosecutor as expeditiously as possible, who shall represent the interest of the law school in the matter. If, during the course of an investigation, the Prosecutor is unable to act, the Dean shall appoint a replacement.
(b) The Prosecutor shall be a full-time voting member of the faculty. The Dean and the Associate Dean shall not be eligible to serve as the Prosecutor.
(c) A faculty member shall not be eligible to serve as the Prosecutor in a case in which he/she is the complainant, an occurrence witness, or an interested faculty member, or if he/she is a member of the Tribunal.
§5-4 Within 10 days after being appointed, the Prosecutor shall:
(a) Inform any interested faculty member or administrator and notify the Alleged Violator of the fact that a complaint has been filed and of the nature of the alleged violation. The written notification to the Alleged Violator shall advise him/her of the following: (1) the right to select any person, subject to the requirements of §5-8, to represent him/her at his/her cost; and (2) the fact that he/she has no obligation to speak to the Prosecutor nor to testify at any hearing before the Tribunal (§6-3(b)).
(b) Publish a notice informing the student body that a violation has been alleged and stating the course or context in which the violation allegedly occurred, the nature of the alleged violation, and the name of the Prosecutor. This notice shall remain posted until the Prosecutor publishes the probable cause finding.
(c) Begin an investigation which shall be completed within 30 days of its commencement, if practicable.
(d) The Prosecutor is not limited to the allegation(s) or the Alleged Violator(s) specified in the complaint. As soon as the investigation focuses on an individual not named in the complaint as one who may have violated this Code in the same transaction as the Alleged Violator, the Prosecutor shall comply with the notice provisions of §5-4(a) and (b). If the Prosecutor discovers a reason to believe that an individual not named in the complaint may have violated this Code in a transaction not related to the one complained of, the Prosecutor shall file a complaint with the Dean pursuant to §5-1.
(a) If, after completing the investigation of the complaint, the Prosecutor determines that there exists no probable cause to believe that the conduct alleged to be a violation of this Code has occurred, he/she shall not proceed with the prosecution and shall comply with the notification procedures in §5-5(d). No appeal shall be allowed from this determination.
(b) If, after completing the investigation of the complaint, the Prosecutor determines that the conduct alleged does not, as a matter of law, violate this Code, he/she shall not proceed with the prosecution and shall comply with the notification procedures in §5-5(d). Such a determination may be appealed to the faculty by the complainant or any interested faculty member or administrator. The appeal shall follow the procedures set forth in §5-9(c) and (d).
(c) If at any time prior to a formal finding of probable cause, the Prosecutor determines that any violation that may have occurred is de minimis, or that the prosecution of any violation that may have occurred would not be in the best interests of the law school, the Prosecutor shall have discretion not to proceed with the prosecution. If the Prosecutor decides not to proceed with the prosecution, he/she shall comply with the notification procedures set forth in §5-5(d). The Prosecutor shall have discretion to condition the decision not to prosecute on the student's acceptance of a private or public reprimand. The Prosecutor's decisions may be appealed to the Dean by the complainant or any interested faculty member or administrator by filing a notice of appeal with the Dean within one week of being notified of the Prosecutor's decision.
(d) If the Prosecutor determines that he/she shall not proceed with the prosecution pursuant to §5-5 (a), (b) or (c), no notation shall appear on the student's transcript. The Prosecutor shall, as soon as practicable, notify the Alleged Violator and inform the complainant and any interested faculty member or administrator of this determination, including the reasons for the determination. The Prosecutor shall publish a notice stating that the complaint has been investigated and that the Prosecutor has determined that further proceedings in the matter are not warranted. The published notice shall be dated and shall remain posted for one week while regular classes are in session.
(e) In an instance where the faculty or the Dean has reversed a Prosecutor's decision not to prosecute under this section, the Dean shall appoint a new Prosecutor.
§5-6 If, after completing the investigation of the complaint, the Prosecutor finds that there exists probable cause to believe that a violation of this Code has occurred, or if a new Prosecutor has been appointed pursuant to §5-5(e), the Prosecutor shall:
(a) prepare a Charge for each Alleged Violator setting forth the alleged violations of this Code;
(b) publish a notice informing the student body that the Prosecutor has found probable cause that a violation of this Code has occurred and describing the violation(s) set forth in the Charge. The published notice shall be dated and shall remain posted for one week while regular classes are in session;
(c) notify each Alleged Violator of the finding of probable cause and provide a copy of the Charge against him/her;
(d) inform the complainant and any interested faculty member or administrator of this finding and provide them with a copy of the Charge;
(e) submit the Charge to the Presiding Officer of the Tribunal designated by the Dean; and
(f) prosecute the case before the Tribunal.
§5-7 Upon receiving the Charge, the Presiding Officer shall set a violation hearing on the Charge to begin no earlier than 10 days and no later than 30 days from the receipt of the Charge. The Presiding Officer shall notify the Alleged Violator and inform the Prosecutor, the complainant, and any interested faculty member or administrator of the date of the hearing and the identity of the members of the Tribunal. The hearing shall be concluded as expeditiously as practicable.
§5-8 The Alleged Violator may select any person to represent him/her, except that the Alleged Violator may not select a member of the Tribunal, a prosecutor, or an interested faculty member or administrator to represent him/her. A person, including a faculty member, selected by the Alleged Violator to serve as his/her representative may decline to serve as representative. The Alleged Violator shall bear the costs of his/her representation.
(a) The Alleged Violator may file a motion to dismiss the Prosecutor's Charge on the ground that it fails to state a violation of this Code or on the ground that excessive delay in filing the complaint has prejudiced the defense. Such motion shall be filled with the Presiding Officer within one week prior to the date scheduled for the violation hearing.
(b) The Tribunal shall rule on the motion no later than 24 hours before the date scheduled for the violation hearing. If the motion is denied, the hearing shall proceed as scheduled.
(c) If the motion is granted, the Tribunal shall notify the Alleged Violator, publish its decision and inform the Prosecutor, complainant, and any interested faculty member or administrator. The Prosecutor, complainant, interested faculty member or administrator may appeal the decision to the faculty by filing a notice of appeal with the Dean within one week of the notification of the Tribunal's decision. The Dean shall place the appeal on the agenda of the next regularly scheduled faculty meeting. If the notice of appeal is filed with the Dean after the last regularly scheduled faculty meeting of the academic year, the Dean may call a special meeting of the faculty for the purpose of hearing the appeal. The appellant may file a brief no later than one week before the faculty meeting. The appellee may file a brief no later than three days before the faculty meeting. If the date of the next regularly scheduled faculty meeting is within 7 days after the notice of appeal is filed, upon the request of either party, the appeal shall be postponed to the meeting following the next regularly scheduled faculty meeting.
(d) The appeal shall be considered by all full-time voting faculty members in attendance at the faculty meeting, except the Prosecutor, interested faculty member, and complainant (if a faculty member). There shall be no oral argument. The Dean shall publish the faculty's ruling and notify the Alleged Violator and inform the Prosecutor, complainant, and any interested faculty member or administrator of the ruling.
(a) The members of the Tribunal shall be subject to challenge for cause by either the Alleged Violator or the Prosecutor.
(b) A motion challenging a member for cause shall be filed with the Dean no later than one week prior to the date scheduled for the hearing on the complaint.
(c) If the Dean concludes that the challenged member of the Tribunal is disqualified for cause, or if a member of the Tribunal recuses himself/herself, the Dean shall appoint a replacement for the purpose of that case only.
(a) The Prosecutor shall provide the Alleged Violator and the Presiding Officer with a list of witnesses and copies of all relevant documents. An initial list of witnesses and copies of documents shall be provided at the time the Prosecutor notifies the Alleged Violator of the probable cause finding. The list shall be updated and copies of additional documents shall be provided as soon as additional witnesses or documents become known to the Prosecutor.
(b) The Alleged Violator shall provide the Prosecutor and the Presiding Officer with a list and copies of documents, and a statement of the defense no later than one week prior to the scheduled hearing date. The list shall be updated and copies of additional documents shall be provided as soon as additional witnesses or documents become known to the Alleged Violator.
(c) he above subsections shall not apply to witnesses called in rebuttal or surrebuttal.
§6-1 The proceedings and deliberations of the Tribunal shall not be open to the public, the student body, or the faculty at large. Any alleged victim has the same right to have others present during Tribunal hearings as the Alleged Violator has, including the opportunity to be accompanied by an advisor of his/her choice. This includes alleged victims in proceedings brought under §2-2(c) (harassing and/or hazing), §2-2(e) (physically abusing another or engaging in conduct that threatens or endangers another), and §2-2(m) (sexual misconduct). The Tribunal shall conduct itself consistently with applicable policies, and in a manner that is transparent to all parties. The Tribunal shall be composed of members who do not have a conflict of interest or bias for or against the accuser or the accused.
§6-2 A court reporter shall be in attendance at all hearings of the Tribunal.
§6-3 The violation hearing before the Tribunal shall be governed by the following rules of procedure:
(a) Both the Prosecutor and the Alleged Violator shall be given the opportunity to make a brief opening statement; the Alleged Violator may reserve the opening statement until the conclusion of the Prosecutor's case-in-chief.
(b) Witnesses, including the Alleged Violator, may be called and evidentiary matter offered by the Prosecutor, the Alleged Violator, and the Tribunal. However the Alleged Violator has no obligation to testify.
(c) The Tribunal shall have the right to call and to question any witnesses.
(d) The Presiding Officer shall issue a subpoena to appear and/or to produce documents upon the request of the Prosecutor, the Alleged Violator, or upon the motion of any member of the Tribunal. Subpoenaed witnesses may move to quash the subpoena for cause.
(e) Upon request of either the Prosecutor or the Alleged Violator, or upon its own motion, the Tribunal may provide for exclusion of witnesses.
(f) The Prosecutor and the Alleged Violator may challenge the admissibility of evidence for any reason. Evidentiary rulings shall be made by the Presiding Officer and his/her rulings shall govern unless overruled by a majority of the Tribunal. The Tribunal shall exercise discretion in admitting evidence and need not be bound by the formal rules of evidence.
(g) The Prosecutor and the Alleged Violator each shall have the right to cross-examine witnesses called by the other.
(h) The Prosecutor and the Alleged Violator each shall have the right to make closing arguments.
(i) Except for cases brought under §2-2(m), the burden of proof shall be on the Prosecutor to prove by clear and convincing evidence that the Alleged Violator committed a violation of this Code. For cases brought under §2-2(m), the burden of proof shall be on the Prosecutor to prove by a preponderance of the evidence that the Alleged Violator committed a violation of this Code.
(j) Whenever reasonably possible, the Tribunal shall begin deliberations immediately following the close of the hearing. The decision shall be made solely upon the evidence presented. A finding of "guilty" must be concurred in by at least two members of the Tribunal. The Tribunal shall issue written findings of fact and conclusions of "guilty" or "not guilty" as soon as practicable. Concurring and dissenting opinions may also be issued. The Presiding Officer shall notify the Alleged Violator and inform the Prosecutor, the complainant and any interested faculty member or administrator of the findings and opinions. If the Tribunal finds the Alleged Violator "not guilty," the Tribunal shall publish its finding. The published notice shall be dated and shall remain posted for one week while regular classes are in session.
(k) In cases involving an alleged victim, the Tribunal shall provide the accuser, the accused, and appropriate officials timely and equal access to any information that will be used during informal and formal disciplinary meetings and hearings.
§6-4 If the Tribunal finds the Alleged Violator "guilty," the Presiding Officer shall set a penalty hearing to occur no later than one week after the issuance of the written findings. The Presiding Officer shall notify the Alleged Violator, the Prosecutor, the complainant and any interested faculty member or administrator of the date of the hearing. At the hearing, the Prosecutor may present evidence in aggravation and the Convicted Violator may present evidence in mitigation. The complainant, the prosecutor, any interested faculty member or administrator and the Convicted Violator shall be given the opportunity to address the Tribunal.
(a) The Tribunal, by a majority vote, may impose any one or more of the following sanctions:
(1) expulsion from the College;
(2) suspension from the College for a specified period of time;
(3) a grade "E" in the course in which the violation occurred;
(4) loss of credit for the course in which the violation occurred;
(5) a grade of Incomplete in the course in which the violation occurred;
(6) cancellation of the work done; or
(7) any other sanction, or any variation of the above sanctions, deemed appropriate by the Tribunal.
(b) Whenever a student is convicted of violating this Code, a notation to that effect shall be made on the individual's transcript. However, if the Tribunal unanimously determines that the interests of justice so require, the Tribunal may suspend the entry of said notation on conditions it deems appropriate. Whether or not the violation is noted on the transcript, it will be reported to appropriate licensing authorities.
§6-6 Following imposition of sanctions, the Tribunal shall notify the Convicted Violator, inform the Prosecutor and publish findings of fact and conclusions of law and the sanctions imposed, provided however that if the full opinion in the case exceeds five pages in length, the Tribunal shall publish only a summary thereof, not to exceed five pages, which will include a statement that the full opinion is on file with the Associate Dean. The published notice shall be dated and shall remain posted for one week while regular classes are in session.
§6-7 In cases involving an alleged victim, the Tribunal shall notify, at the same time and in writing, the Alleged Violator or Convicted Violator and the alleged victim of (a) any Tribunal finding or action, (b) the procedures applicable to any appeal of such finding or action, (c) any change to the results of the proceeding due to any appeal, and (d) when the results have become final. This includes alleged victims in proceedings brought under §2-2(c) (harassing and/or hazing), §2-2(e) (physically abusing another or engaging in conduct that threatens or endangers another), and §2-2(m) (sexual misconduct).
(a) The Convicted Violator shall have the right to appeal the conviction to the faculty. All matters are appealable by the Convicted Violator except findings of fact. Notice of such appeal must be filed with the Dean not later than ten days after the notification of sanctions has been mailed.
(b) The Prosecutor may appeal the sanctions imposed on the Convicted Violator by filing a notice of appeal with the Dean not later than ten days after notification of sanctions has been mailed.
(a) Upon filing a notice of appeal under §7-1, the appellant shall have 21 days within which to file a written brief with the Dean. The appellee shall have 14 days to file a response.
(b) Upon receipt of timely filed briefs, the Dean shall place the appeal on the agenda for the next regularly scheduled faculty meeting. If the briefs are received after the last regular faculty meeting of the academic year, the Dean may call a special meeting of the faculty for the purpose of hearing the appeal.
(a) When an appeal is being considered, only full-time members of the faculty shall be present.
(b) Upon written request to the Dean no later than one week before the faculty meeting, the parties shall be afforded an opportunity for oral argument to the faculty. If the date of the faculty meeting makes the one week time period impossible to comply with, the request for oral argument shall be made as soon as possible.
(c) The members of the Tribunal, the Prosecutor, and all other faculty members otherwise involved in the proceeding before the Tribunal except those whose involvement was limited to being a character witness, shall be disqualified from sitting on the appeal. Such faculty members may be present during oral argument but shall absent themselves immediately thereafter.
§7-4 When the faculty has decided an appeal, the Dean shall notify the convicted student and inform the interested faculty member or administrator of the faculty's decision, and shall publish the result of the appeal.
§8-1 The Dean shall preserve and retain the records, including the complaint, the Charge and the record of proceedings before the Tribunal, in all cases. They shall be kept in a separate and confidential file. The records of any Alleged Violator not convicted of a violation shall not be released without the consent of the Alleged Violator.
§9-1 A faculty member shall not decrease a student's grade because of an alleged violation of this Code if the student has been found not guilty by the Tribunal, or if the Charge against the student has been dismissed for failure to state an offense, and either that dismissal has been affirmed on appeal by the faculty or the time for filing an appeal has expired and no appeal has been filed.
§9-2 If the alleged violation occurred in a course, the instructor may not report a grade to the Registrar until the Code of Conduct proceedings are concluded. If the grade has already been reported to the Registrar, the Registrar shall not record the grade until the proceedings are concluded. If the Tribunal lowers a violator's grade as one of the sanctions, the Registrar must record the grade determined by the Tribunal.
(a) There shall be no plea bargaining between an interested faculty member or administrator and a student or a former student whom the faculty member or administrator believes violated this Code.
(b) There may be plea bargaining between an Alleged Violator and the Prosecutor, in consultation with the Assistant Dean for Academic Administration and Student Affairs. A plea bargaining agreement will be sent to the complainant and any interested faculty member or administrator. The complainant or any interested faculty member or administrator may appeal the agreement to the Dean by filing a notice of appeal with the Dean within one week of being notified of the plea bargaining agreement.
§10-1 This Code became effective on May 30, 1989, and applies to all conduct occurring on or after that date.
§10-2 The Ethics Code previously in effect was on May 30, 1989.
§10-3 Notwithstanding the repeal provided for in §10-2:
(a) any violation of the provisions of the Ethics Code committed before May 30, 1989, was prosecuted and punished in accordance with the provisions of the Ethics Code previously in effect.
(b) any proceedings under the former Ethics Code pending on the effective date of this Code of Conduct was conducted in accordance with the provisions of that Ethics Code.
§10-4 Upon approval by the faculty, copies of this Code shall be distributed to the student body in the same manner as the Record is distributed. This Code shall be published in the next edition of the Student Handbook and in each subsequent edition.
(a) This Code may be amended upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the faculty. The amendment shall apply to all conduct occurring after the date of the amendment.
(b) Prior to a vote by the faculty to amend this Code, the proposed amendment shall be distributed to the student body in the same manner as the Record is distributed, with adequate time for student comment.
(c) Upon faculty approval of an amendment, copies of the amendment shall be distributed to the student body in the same manner as the Record is distributed. The Code, as amended, shall be published in the next edition of the Student Handbook and in each subsequent edition.
SECTION XX. DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION
Illinois Institute of Technology is committed to the principle of preventing the use of illicit drugs and abuse of alcohol by members of the university community. In accordance with this commitment and in compliance with the Drug Free Schools and Campus Act of 1989, this policy affirms the university's goal to maintain an environment that is free of illegal usage of drugs and alcohol. All students and employees are expected to comply with the policy. The drug and alcohol abuse prevention policy is available from Jamie Lake, the Director of Student Services (Room 310F; 312/906-5247; email@example.com).
IIT has a comprehensive drug free awareness program to inform employees and students about the dangers of drug and alcohol use and assist them in obtaining counseling and treatment which includes full availability of the Counseling Center to all students for counseling and/or referral for treatment. In addition, the Lawyers Assistance Program ("LAP") can provide confidential counseling regarding substance abuse problems. LAP is a non-for-profit organization which offers aid and assistance to Illinois lawyers, judges, and law students with emotional and chemical dependency problems. LAP's primary services include information and referral, peer assistance, intervention, in the case of chemical dependency, and education. For counseling information or referral, see Jamie Lake, the Director of Student Services (Room 310F; 312/906-5247; firstname.lastname@example.org).
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