A party to a civil action may refuse discovery on Fifth Amendment self-incrimination grounds, but the court must scrutinize the risk of self-incrimination and seek to tailor discovery so as to avoid the risk of self-incrimination. Compare Evans v. City of Chicago, 513 F.3d 735, 743 (7th Cir. 2008) (affirming denial of sanctions against police officers who refused discovery in section 1983 case on self-incrimination grounds, although self-incrimination concerns were not well-founded and privilege was later waived) and Chagolla v. City of Chicago, 529 F. Supp.2d 941, 945-946 (N.D. Ill. 2008) (granting stay of civil case because of risk that discovery would compromise privilege against self-incrimination) with United States v. Conces, 507 F.3d 1028, 1040 (6th Cir. 2007) (imposing discovery sanctions; broad refusal to respond to discovery requests not justified by vague self-incrimination concerns).