Professor Perritt

hperritt@kentlaw.edu

(312) 906-5128

Office: Room 713

Tueday & Friday: 10:30-11:45 A.M. Thursday 12:30-1:45 P.M.

Spring 2005

Room 210

                                                                                             

                                                                                             

PROPERTY

COURSE INFORMATION

COURSE CONTENT

Property is a five-credit one semester course in the law of ownership and control of tangible and intangible things.

REQUIRED COURSE MATERIALS

·        John P. Dwyer & Peter S. Menell, Property Law and Policy: A Comparative Institutional Perspective (1998) [hereinafter “D&M”]

·        Supplementary materials available on the Website. www.kentlaw.edu/perritt/courses/property.

SYLLABUS

Date

Subject

Assignment

18 Jan.

PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVES ON PRIVATE PROPERTY

D&M, pp. v-viii. Preface

D&M, pp. 1-2. Text: Introduction

D&M, pp. 3-5. Locke, Second Treatise on Government

D&M, pp. 5-10. Radin, Property and Personhood

D&M, pp. 10-11. Text: Distributive Justice

D&M, pp. 11-14. Wilson, The Moral Sense

D&M, p. 14. Text: Utilitarianism

D&M, pp. 15-17. Posner, Economic Analysis of Law

D&M, pp. 17-20. Hardin, The Tragedy of the Commons

Boston parking spaces

Human organ cases

Moore v. Board of Regents

Note on later developments

Questions for discussion in class

 

20 Jan.

INSTITUTIONS TO MANAGE & ALLOCATE RESOURCES: A CASE STUDY

Comparative property law – Socialism, Squatters, and Privatization (Word version)

21 Jan.

EVOLUTION OF PROPERTY RIGHTS

D&M, pp. 49-56. Demsetz, Toward a Theory of Property Rights

 

25 Jan.

COMPARING PROPERTY REGIMES IN DIFFERENT RESOURCES

D&M, p 56. Text: Whaling

D&M, pp. 57-59. Melville, Moby Dick

D&M, pp. 59-61. Problem

D&M, pp. 60-62. Agnello & Donnelley, Property Rights and Efficiency in the Oyster Industry

D&M, pp. 63-67. Acheson, The Lobster Gangs of Maine

 

27 Jan No class  

28 Jan.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: DISCOVERY/CONQUEST

D&M, pp. 69-76. Johnson & Graham ‘s Lessee v. M ‘Intosh

1 Feb..

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: ADVERSE POSSESSION

D&M, pp. 76-84. Text: Basic Criteria for Adverse Possession

D&M, pp. 84-91. Mannillo v. Gorski

D&M, pp. 91-93. Problem

 

3 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: ACQUISITION OF OTHER RESOURCES—WILD ANIMALS/PETROLEUM

D&M, pp. 94-99. Pierson v. Post

D&M, pp. 99-101. Text: Oil and Natural Gas

 

4 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: ACQUISITION OF OTHER RESOURCES—WATER/IDEAS

D&M, p. 102. Text: Water Law

D&M, pp. 103-06. Evans v. Merriweather

D&M, pp. 106-13. Coffin v. The Left Hand Ditch Co.

D&M, pp. 113-16. Downey v. General Foods Corp.

D&M, pp. 116-17. Problem

 

8 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: ACQUISITION OF OTHER RESOURCES—INVENTIONS

Perritt - economics of IP

Lahn comment

Amram rebuttal

Bloom rejoinder and comment

Amram sur-rebuttal

Feist

Eldred

D&M, pp. 128-30. Text: Trade Secret, Copyright, Trademark

Optional (this is a heading, not intended to be clickable):

Section 102 of title 17, United States Code, defining copyright

Section 106 of title 17, United States Code, defining "trespass" on copyright

Grokster briefs (this is a heading, not intended to be clickable)

Petitioner (IP rights holders)

Respondent

Trademark statute - excerpts

Uniform Trade Secrets Act - excerpts

 

 

10 Feb.

CONTINUED

Photos from class

D&M, pp. 117-18. Text: Patent Law

Patent statute excerpts

Patent infringement statute

Diamond v. Chakrabarty

Juicy Whip

D&M, pp. 130-32. Problems (ignore questions specifically pertaining to Hughes case, which is not assigned)

 

11 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: PRESENT INTERESTS—FEE SIMPLE AND LIFE ESTATES

D&M, pp. 132-39. Text: Historical Background

D&M, pp. 140-43. Text: Present Interests

D&M, pp. 143-49. Brokaw v. Fairchild

D&M, p. 149. Text: Partition

D&M, p. 149. Problems

D&M, p. 157. Chart

 

15 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: DEFEASIBLE INTERESTS

D&M, pp. 149-53. Text: Basic Classification Rules

D&M, pp. 153-55. Fitzgerald v. Modoc County

D&M, pp. 155-56. Problems

D&M, pp. 156-58. Problems

 

17 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: FUTURE INTERESTS

D&M, pp. 158-67. Text: Basic Classification Rules

D&M, pp. 168-71. Problems

Amram conveyance that promotes copyright protection of music

Lahn conveyance that promotes file sharing

Lest you think that future-interest analysis is archaic, consider this 1995 United States Court of Appeals case involving copyright in the entertainment industry

 

18 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: RULE AGAINST PERPETUITIES

D&M, pp. 171-76. Text: Explanation of Common Law RAP

D&M, pp. 176-78. California Probate Code

D&M, pp. 178-80. Text: Statutory Reforms

D&M, pp. 180-82. Text: Summary of RAP

D&M, pp. 182-83. Problems

Optional:

(courtesy of Steve Anderson)

Robert Hopperton, Teaching the Rule Against Perpetuities in first year
property, 31 U. Tol. L. Rev. 55

John Makdisi, How to do a Perpetuities Problem, 36 Clev. St. L. Rev 95
(1987).

Problems and "answers" discussed in class

 

 

22 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: OTHER DOCTRINES LIMITING CONDITIONS ON GRANTS

D&M, pp. 183-86. Text: Rule of the Destructibility of Contingent Remainders, Rule in Shelley’s Case, Doctrine of Worthier Title, and Rule Against Restraints on Alienation

D&M, pp. 186-89. Riste v. Eastern Washington Bible Camp, Inc.

 

24 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: CONCURRENT INTERESTS—TYPES

Basic hypo

D&M, pp. 189-93.      Text: Tenancy-in-Common & Joint Tenancy

D&M, pp. 193-97.      People v. Nogarr

D&M, pp. 197-98.      Problem

D&M, pp. 198-99.      Text: Severance of Leases and Life Estates

D&M, pp. 216-20.      Text: Common Law Marital Property Rights

D&M, pp. 229-33.      Text: Community Property

 

25 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: CONCURRENT INTERESTS—RIGHTS & OBLIGATIONS AMONG CO-TENANTS

D&M, pp. 199-204. Text: Partition, Possession, Contribution, Fiduciary Obligations, Accounting

D&M, pp. 204-15. White v. Smyth

D&M, pp. 215-16. Problem

 

1 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: RIGHTS OF AND LIMITATIONS ON OWNERSHIP

Hypo for class (we will not work through the casebook problem in detail)

D&M, p. 273. Blackstone ‘s Commentaries

D&M, p. 273. Cohen, Property and Sovereignty

D&M, pp. 274-78. Text: The Coase Theorem

D&M, pp. 278-81. Problem and Questions

Optional law review articles:

Dan Hunter, Amateur to Amateur

Yochai Benkler, Coase's Penguin

 

3 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: COMMON LAW DOCTRINES--TRESPASS

(Class will begin after some musical performances; no one is required to attend the musical performances, nor will course material be discussed during the performances)

Musical performance pictures

Music:

Frank Hill

Jon Lahn

Matt Schafermeyer

D&M, pp. 281-87. Calabresi & Melamed, Property Rules, Liability

Rules, and Inalienability

D&M, pp. 288-89. Pile v. Pedrick

D&M, p. 289. Pile v. Pedrick

D&M, pp. 289-92. Geragosian v. Union Realty Co.

D&M, pp. 292-96. Raah v. Casper

 

4 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: COMMON LAW DOCTRINES--NUISANCE

D&M, pp. 296-98. Text: Basic Rules on Nuisance

D&M, pp. 298-305. Waschak v. Moffat

D&M, pp. 305-10. Questions

D&M, pp. 311-16. Bootner v. Atlantic Cement Co.

D&M, pp. 317-18. Problems

Optional: Notes on "tightening up" application of Coase to concert

 

8 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: TAKINGS

Basic hypos

D&M, pp. 318-21. Text: Introduction

D&M, pp. 321-24. Text: Physical Invasion

D&M, pp. 324-25. Text: Regulatory Takings

D&M, pp. 325-44. Penn Central Transportation Co. v. New York

(review Rail Reorganization and Sabbatino cases from early in the semester)

D&M, pp. 344-51. Sax, Some Thoughts on the Decline of Private Property

D&M, pp. 352-53. Problems

 

 

10 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: TAKINGS

D&M, pp. 353-54. Text: Takings Since Penn Central

D&M, pp. 354-68. Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council: questions 1-5 only

Be prepared to argue either side of Kelo v. City of New London (not clickable)

--CT Supreme Court opinion (.html) (Word version) (omit Parts I, III, IV and V of the opinion)

--Petitioner's brief in U. S. Supreme Court (.pdf)

--Respondent's brief in U.S. Supreme Court (.pdf)

 

11 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: CIVIL RIGHTS

D&M, pp. 372-77. State v. Shack

D&M, p. 377. Problems

D&M, pp. 377-82. Prune Yard Shopping Center v. Robins

D&M, pp. 382-84. Problems

 

12-20 Mar.

SPRING BREAK

 

22 Mar. No class  
24 Mar. SOCIAL NORMS: RESOLUTION OF TRESPASS DISPUTES IN SHASTA COUNTY

D&M. pp. 440-41. Text: Introduction

D&M, pp. 441-74. Ellickson, Order without Law

D&M, pp. 474-78. Schild v. Rubin

D&M, pp. 478-86. Roddenberry v. Roddenberrv

25 Mar NO CLASS (Good Friday)  

29 Mar.

SOCIAL NORMS: THE EVOLUTION OF SOCIAL ORGANIZATIONS TO ADDRESS THE TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS

Perritt, Hybrid Regulation of the Internet

D&M, 500-02. Posner, The Regulation of Groups

D&M, pp. 502-08. Merges, Contracting into Liability Rules

D&M, pp509-521

Problem: consider how Internet-based market for copyrighted music should work

 

31 Mar.

MARKETS: LANDLORD-TENANT LAW

D&M, pp. 581-89. Text: Introduction

D&M, PP. 590-97. Medico-Dental Bldg. Co. v. Horton & Converse

D&M, pp. 597-600. Text: Bargaining Power

 

1 Apr.

MARKETS: LANDLORD’S RIGHTS AND REMEDIES

D&M, pp. 600. Text

D&M, pp. 601-02. California Civil Code

D&M, PP. 602-10. Jordan v. Talbot

D&M, PP. 610-13. Text: Remedies for Holding Over

D&M, pp. 613-14. Text: Remedies for Abandonment

D&M, PP. 614-21. Sommer v. Kridel

D&M, pp. 621. Text: Reletting on the Tenant’s Account

5 Apr.

MARKETS: TENANT’S RIGHTS AND REMEDIES

D&M, Pp. 621-23.      Text:     Implied Covenant to Deliver

D&M, pp. 623-24.      Text:     Implied Covenant of Quiet Enjoyment

D&M, pp. 624-25.      Problem

D&M, pp. 625-28.      Text:     Constructive Eviction

D&M, Pp. 628-29.      Problem

D&M, pp. 629-34.      Text:     Tenant’s Right to Habitable Premises

D&M, pp. 634-42.      Javins v. First National Realty Co.

D&M, pp. 643-46.      Text:     Types of Remedies for Breach

 

7 Apr.

MARKETS: TENANT’S RIGHT TO HABITABLE PREMISES—EFFICACY

D&M, PP. 646-69. Meyers, The Covenant of Habitability

D&M, pp. 650-51. Text: Relationship of Tort Law to Warranty

D&M, PP. 654-56. Review Problem

 

8 Apr.

MARKETS: RENT CONTROL AND LOW INCOME HOUSING POLICY

D&M, pp. 690-92. Arnott, Time for Revisionism on Rent Control?

D&M, pp. 692-94. Text: Preemption & Constitutional Litigation

D&M, pp. 694-02. Penell v. City of San Jose

D&M, pp. 702-08. Arnott. Time for Revisionism on Rent Control?

D&M, p. 709. Text: Introduction to Low Income Housing Policy

D&M, pp. 709-12. Schill, Privatizing Federal Low Income Housing Assistance

D&M, pp. 712-16. Berger, Beyond Hlomelessness: An Entitlement to Housing

D&M, pp. 716-21. Ellickson, The Untenable Case for an Unconditional Right to Shelter

 

12 Apr.

MARKETS: NONPOSSESSORY INTERESTS—EASEMENTS

D&M, pp. 721-23. Text: Introduction to Nonpossessory Interests

D&M, pp. 723-25. Text: Classification of Easements

D&M, pp. 725-26. Creation of Express Easements

D&M, pp. 726-31. Faus v. City of Los Angeles

D&M, pp. 731-32. Problems

D&M, pp. 732-34. Text: Creation of Easements by Operation of Law

D&M, pp. 734-39. Reese v. Borghi

 

14 Apr.

MARKETS: NONPOSSESSORY INTERESTS—EASEMENTS

D&M, pp. 739-40. Text: Creation of Easements by Prescription

D&M, pp. 740-41. California Civil Code

D&M, pp. 741-46. Finley v. Botto

D&M, p. 746. Text: Negative Easements

D&M, pp. 746-47. Problems

D&M, pp. 747-49. Review Problem

D&M. pp. 749-52. Text: Termination of Easements

D&M, pp. 752-54. Text: Conservation Easements

D&M, pp. 754-55. Problem

 

15 Apr.

MARKETS: NONPOSSESSORY INTERESTS—REAL COVENANTS

D&M, pp. 756-61. Text: Elements of a Real Covenant

D&M, pp. 761-64. Eagle Enterprises, Inc. v. Gross

D&M, p. 764. Chart

Case on vertical privity

Case on horizontal privity

 

19 Apr.

MARKETS: NONPOSSESSORY INTERESTS—EQUITABLE SERVITUDES

D&M, pp. 765-67. Text: Elements of an Equitable Servitude

D&M, pp. 767-72. Bolotin v. Rindge

D&M, pp. 772-75. Problems

D&M, p. 774. Chart

 

21 Apr.

MARKETS: NONPOSSESSORY INTERESTS—HOMEOWNERS’ ASSOCIATIONS AND REFORMS

 

D&M, pp. 775-76. Text: Enforcement of Homeowners’ Associations

D&M, pp. 777-83. Neponsit Property Owners’ Ass’n, Inc. Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank

D&M, pp. 783-84. Nonreciprocal Covenants

D&M, pp. 784-91. Turner v. Brocato

D&M, pp. 79 1-99. Reichman, Toward a Unified Concept of Servitudes

D&M, pp. 799-800. French, Toward a Modern Law of Servitudes

D&M, pp. 800-02. Berger, Unification of the Law of Servitudes

D&M, pp. 802-03, Dunham, Statutory Reformation of Land Obligations

D&M, pp. 803-07. Rose, Servitudes, Security, and Assent

22 Apr.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS: REGULATING LAND USE

D&M, pp. 888-96. Text: Theories of Local Politics

D&M, pp. 896-99. Text: Legal & Political Institutions Regulating Land Use

D&M, pp. 899-901. Text: Introduction to Euclidean Zoning

D&M, pp. 901-10. Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co.

D&M, pp. 910-11. Mandelker, The Zoning Dilemma

[D&M, pp. 911-13. Karkkainen, Zoning: A Reply to the Critics

D&M, pp. 913-17. Epstein, A Conceptual Approach to Zoning

D&M, pp. 917-19. Fischel, Equity and Efficiency Aspects of Zoning

 

26 Apr.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS: THE SCOPE OF THE POLICE POWER

D&M, pp. 919-22. Text: Zoning for Aesthetics

D&M, pp. 922-30. City of Ladue v. Gilleo

D&M, p. 930. Problems

Please note that pages 930-957 are not assigned

D&M, pp. 958-59. Text: Growth Controls

D&M, pp. 959-68. Associated Home Builders of Greater Eastbay v. City of Livermore

D&M, p. 968-74. Ellickson, Suburban Growth Controls

27 Apr. (makeup class; 1530, Room 210)

Audio recording (.wav file)

Audio recording (.mp3 file)

 

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS: FLEXIBILITY IN LAND USE CONTROLS

Deerfield Zoning Ordinance -- we will refer to Article 13 in class

Judge Friendly's list of elements of Procedural Due Process

D&M, pp. 1005-09.    Text: Evolution of Planning

D&M, pp. 1009-19.    Text: Legislative and Administrative Flexibility

D&M, pp. 1019-20.    Problem

D&M, pp. 1020-21.    Text: Conflict of Interest and Corruption

D&M, pp. 1022-25.    Schauer v. City of Miami

D&M, pp. 1025-31.    Fleming v. City of Tacoma

 

28 Apr.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS: BARGAINING FOR EXACTIONS

D&M, p. 1032. Text: Introduction to Bargaining

D&M, p. 1033. Been, “Exit” As a Constraint on Land Use Exactions

D&M, pp. 1033-36. Text: Exactions

D&M, pp. 1036-38. San Francisco Planning Code

D&M, pp. 1038-39. Text: Inclusionary Zoning

D&M, pp. 1039-40. San Francisco Subdivision Code

D&M, pp. 1040-41. Text: Criticisms of Linkage Fees

Optional

Illinois case involving challenge to Deerfield zoning

Illinois case finding exaction to be unconstitutional taking

Illinois case involving constitutionality of impact fee

 

29 Apr.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS: TAKINGS DOCTRINE AS A LIMIT ON EXACTIONS

Course evaluation questionnaires will be distributed 10 minutes before scheduled end of class

D&M, pp. 1042-44. Text: Takings

D&M, pp. 1044-48. Been, “Exit” As a Constraint on Land Use Exactions

D&M, pp. 1049-63. Dolan v. City of Tigard

D&M, pp. 1063-65. Problems

 

 Before end of semester

CONVEYANCING AND LAND REGISTRATION

D&M pp392-440;

Conduct a title search for an actual piece of real property in a land records office, and send a brief report of what you did and what you found to propdocs@kentlaw.edu. You may use any piece of property anywhere in the world, and search the records of whatever governmental entity maintains records for that property.

3 May

REVIEW

Review audio file (Sony format) (.wav file--BIG file)

"You have the power to change things" (Sony format) (.wav file)

 

 

 

 

RECOMMENDED SECONDARY MATERIALS

Restatement (Third) of Property (West Group)

 

FINAL EXAMINATION

The final examination in this course will be given on Thursday, 19 May 2005, at 8:30 A.M. and at no other time. It will last three hours.

In the final examination, you are responsible for all the materials discussed in class and in the assigned readings. Obviously, the examination cannot touch upon all that material, but anything we do in class, anything you see in your land-register- visit, and anything in the assigned readings may be tested. You may bring any materials, whether commercially prepared or not, to the final exam, but successful performance on the exam will not require original research. Prepare for the exam as though it were “closed-book.”

ATTENDANCE

Much of the material and most of the legal analysis in this course is not contained in the assigned readings. Consequently, class attendance is an indispensable part of the course. Failure to attend regularly will result in exclusion from the course and a grade of “E” Sporadic absences will result in a lowering of your grade, in the discretion of the instructor. The instructor reserves the discretion to determine what constitutes “regularly” and “sporadic.” The only safe course is to attend every class.

TARDINESS

I strongly discourage tardiness and reserve the power to lower your grade for tardiness.

TEACHING ASSISTANT

Matt Topic, 2L, is the Teaching Assistant for the course. His email address is mtopic@kentlaw.edu. He will be available every ____ from ___ PM to ___ PM, in the 2d floor cafeteria area, for questions and will give supplementary presentations on certain material.

HATS

Do not wear hats in class.

WANDERING IN AND OUT OF CLASS

Once you are present in the classroom, please stay there, unless you have a genuine emergency. If an emergency requires you to leave the classroom, do not return.

CLASS PARTICIPATION

I teach “Socratically.” Every student is expected to be prepared in every class. Any student may be called on at any time. Volunteering is encouraged. There is no “right” answer; only cogent and persuasive arguments, backed up by legitimate legal authority.

VISITING A LAND REGISTRATION OFFICE

Attending a          land registration office is a mandatory requirement for credit in the course. You may do this at any time during the semester. After attending, you must send me an email, to propdocs@kentlaw.edu, briefly describing what you observed and explaining how it relates to one or more specific subjects in the syllabus.

FINAL GRADE

1.                  Your final grade will be determined by how well you do on the final exam, except that I reserve the power to decrease your final grade for unsatisfactory classroom participation, failure to complete any drafting exercises satisfactorily, failure to complete the land-registration-office visit, or excessive absenteeism or tardiness. I also reserve the power to increase your final grade by one-half of a grade for outstanding classroom participation. Evaluation of your final examination will emphasize reasons given, analysis and logic as well as the conclusions drawn. Organization and clarity are very important.  A shorter answer that is well organized and evidences a clear understanding of basic concepts and their interrelationships is better than a long answer with disconnected fragments of information.

 

OFFICE HOURS & APPOINTMENTS

I welcome interaction with students. I will be happy to make an appointment to see any of you individually or in groups. I do not have specific office hours. If you want to meet, please set up an appointment by emailing me at hperritt@kentlaw.edu, calling me at (312) 906-5098, emailing or calling my assistant, Ms Patricia O’Neal at (312) 906-5128, poneal@kentlaw.edu, or by seeing me before or after class.

WEBSITE

http://www.kentlaw.edu/perritt/courses/property

The Website contains the syllabus and supplementary materials. Please check the Website regularly, particularly before you begin preparing for a particular class and again before coming to class. I will update it regularly.

E-MAIL

I may communicate with you by e-mail at any time throughout the semester. Check your e-mail regularly. If you would like to communicate with me via e-mail, please feel free to do so.