Professor Perritt

hperritt@kentlaw.edu

(312) 906-5128

Office: Room 713

Monday, Wednesday, Thursday 12:20-1:35 P.M.

Spring 2006

Room 210

                                                                                             

                                                                                             

PROPERTY

COURSE INFORMATION

COURSE CONTENT

Property is a five-credit one semester course in the law of ownership and control of tangible and intangible things.

REQUIRED COURSE MATERIALS

·        John P. Dwyer & Peter S. Menell, Property Law and Policy: A Comparative Institutional Perspective (1998) [hereinafter “D&M”]

·        Supplementary materials available on the Website. www.kentlaw.edu/perritt/courses/property.

SYLLABUS

Date

Subject

Assignment

18 Jan.

PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVES ON PRIVATE PROPERTY

D&M, pp. v-viii. Preface

D&M, pp. 1-2. Text: Introduction

D&M, pp. 3-5. Locke, Second Treatise on Government

D&M, pp. 5-10. Radin, Property and Personhood

D&M, pp. 10-11. Text: Distributive Justice

D&M, pp. 11-14. Wilson, The Moral Sense

D&M, p. 14. Text: Utilitarianism

D&M, pp. 15-17. Posner, Economic Analysis of Law

D&M, pp. 17-20. Hardin, The Tragedy of the Commons

Boston parking spaces

Questions for discussion in class

19 Jan.

EVOLUTION OF PROPERTY RIGHTS

D&M, pp. 49-56. Demsetz, Toward a Theory of Property Rights 

Perritt - economics of IP

Supply functions

Demand functions

Elasticity of demand

Questions for discussion

Dr. Michael Magura, University of Toledo, Notes on Basic Economics concepts

23 Jan.

MUSIC AS PROPERTY

Pre-copyright

Prof. Michael Carroll excerpts

Browse RIAA website

Questions/hypotheticals for class

25 Jan. BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: DISCOVERY/CONQUEST

D&M, pp. 69-76. Johnson & Graham ‘s Lessee v. M ‘Intosh

Note on Hohfeld's framework

Diagram for discussion in class (Word version for downloading and annotation)

26 Jan BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: ACQUISITION OF OTHER RESOURCES—WILD ANIMALS/PETROLEUM

D&M, pp. 94-99. Pierson v. Post

D&M, pp. 99-101. Text: Oil and Natural Gas

ElTahry Afghani music chart (Word file)

30 Jan.

MUSIC AS PROPERTY

Copyright law

17 U.S.C.

Section 101, definitions

Section 102, defining copyright

Section 103, copyright in derivative works

Section 106, defining "trespass" on copyright

Section 107, fair use

Section 109, first-sale doctrine

Section 114, rights in sound recordings

1995 United States Court of Appeals case involving copyright in the entertainment industry

Music copyright hypos (questions 5-8 added 29 January 1848)

Copyright for directors of stage plays?

 

1 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: ACQUISITION OF OTHER RESOURCES—WATER

12 tones

3 chords

Uzbek dove

Several Uzbek birds

Much more

D&M, p. 102. Text: Water Law

D&M, pp. 103-06. Evans v. Merriweather

D&M, pp. 106-13. Coffin v. The Left Hand Ditch Co.

D&M, pp. 113-16. Downey v. General Foods Corp.

D&M, pp. 116-17. Problem

Problem for discussion in class

2 Feb.

MUSIC AS PROPERTY

File sharing controversy

Drum concert photos

Drum concert (produced by Erik Hanson)

Gallardo - quarter notes

Eidson - Latin rhythm

Stone - "lots a stuff"

Pompa - alphabet

Fox - alphabet different order

Fox - alphabet unusual pitch and rhythm

Grokster

Feist

Eldred

6 Feb. BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: ADVERSE POSSESSION

D&M, pp. 76-84. Text: Basic Criteria for Adverse Possession

D&M, pp. 84-91. Mannillo v. Gorski

D&M, pp. 91-93. Problem

Case on adverse possession of music

Optional: Illinois adverse possession statute (html) (Word)

8 Feb.

MUSIC AS PROPERTY

The future

Perritt EFF paper

Perritt EFF slides (PowerPoint file)

Note on other reform proposals (html) (Word)

Questions to shape your contributions to the discussion

 

9 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: PRESENT INTERESTS—FEE SIMPLE AND LIFE ESTATES

D&M, pp. 132-39. Text: Historical Background

D&M, pp. 140-43. Text: Present Interests

D&M, pp. 143-49. Brokaw v. Fairchild

D&M, p. 149. Text: Partition

D&M, p. 149. Problems

D&M, p. 157. Chart

diagrams for class discussion (PowerPoint)

 

13 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: DEFEASIBLE INTERESTS

D&M, pp. 149-53. Text: Basic Classification Rules

D&M, pp. 153-55. Fitzgerald v. Modoc County

D&M, pp. 155-56. Problems

D&M, pp. 156-58. Problems (we will review these problems in some detail in class, along with the following supplementary problem:)

Supplementary problem

 

15 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: FUTURE INTERESTS

D&M, pp. 158-67. Text: Basic Classification Rules

D&M, pp. 168-71. Problems

 

 

 

16 Feb. same same

20 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: RULE AGAINST PERPETUITIES

D&M, pp. 171-76. Text: Explanation of Common Law RAP

D&M, pp. 176-78. California Probate Code

D&M, pp. 178-80. Text: Statutory Reforms

D&M, pp. 180-82. Text: Summary of RAP

D&M, pp. 182-83. Problems

Optional:

(courtesy of Steve Anderson)

Robert Hopperton, Teaching the Rule Against Perpetuities in first year
property, 31 U. Tol. L. Rev. 55

John Makdisi, How to do a Perpetuities Problem, 36 Clev. St. L. Rev 95
(1987) (500K .pdf file)

 

 

 

22 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: OTHER DOCTRINES LIMITING CONDITIONS ON GRANTS

Further reflections on Problem 1

D&M, pp. 183-86. Text: Rule of the Destructibility of Contingent Remainders, Rule in Shelley’s Case, Doctrine of Worthier Title, and Rule Against Restraints on Alienation

D&M, pp. 186-89. Riste v. Eastern Washington Bible Camp, Inc.

 

23 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: CONCURRENT INTERESTS—TYPES

Basic hypo

D&M, pp. 189-93.      Text: Tenancy-in-Common & Joint Tenancy

D&M, pp. 193-97.      People v. Nogarr

D&M, pp. 197-98.      Problem

D&M, pp. 198-99.      Text: Severance of Leases and Life Estates

D&M, pp. 216-20.      Text: Common Law Marital Property Rights

D&M, pp. 229-33.      Text: Community Property

 

27 Feb.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: CONCURRENT INTERESTS—RIGHTS & OBLIGATIONS AMONG CO-TENANTS

D&M, pp. 199-204. Text: Partition, Possession, Contribution, Fiduciary Obligations, Accounting

D&M, pp. 204-15. White v. Smyth

D&M, pp. 215-16. Problem

Notes on page 215-216 problem

Additional problem to be discussed in class: commercial success for Drum Dove Alfa by Bundle of Styx

Enhanced remix of Drum Dove Alfa song, aka "The Conquest Stick" (1 meg .mp3 file)[this is actually starting to sound pretty good; is the new track a rubab or a guitar?]

Even newer enhanced remix of Drum Dove Alfa/The Conquest Stick (1.3 meg .mp3 file), with a much more aggressive Drum Dove and a more extensive laugh track.

Third enhanced remix of Drum Dove Alfa/The Conquest Stick (855 kb .mp3 file), with what the producer claims is a European feel

 

1 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: RIGHTS OF AND LIMITATIONS ON OWNERSHIP

Hypo for class (we will not work through the casebook problem in detail)

D&M, p. 273. Blackstone ‘s Commentaries

D&M, p. 273. Cohen, Property and Sovereignty

D&M, pp. 274-78. Text: The Coase Theorem

D&M, pp. 278-81. Problem and Questions

Note on Coase and music (html) (Word)

Spreadsheets (Web) (Excel) - revised per class discussion on 1 Mar.

Optional law review articles:

Dan Hunter, Amateur to Amateur

Yochai Benkler, Coase's Penguin

 

2 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: COMMON LAW DOCTRINES--TRESPASS

 

D&M, pp. 281-87. Calabresi & Melamed, Property Rules, Liability

Rules, and Inalienability

D&M, pp. 288-89. Pile v. Pedrick

D&M, p. 289. Pile v. Pedrick

D&M, pp. 289-92. Geragosian v. Union Realty Co.

D&M, pp. 292-96. Raah v. Casper

6 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: COMMON LAW DOCTRINES--NUISANCE

D&M, pp. 296-98. Text: Basic Rules on Nuisance

D&M, pp. 298-305. Waschak v. Moffat

D&M, pp. 305-10. Questions

D&M, pp. 311-16. Bootner v. Atlantic Cement Co.

D&M, pp. 317-18. Problems

8 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: TAKINGS

Basic hypos

D&M, pp. 318-21. Text: Introduction

D&M, pp. 321-24. Text: Physical Invasion

D&M, pp. 324-25. Text: Regulatory Takings

D&M, pp. 325-44. Penn Central Transportation Co. v. New York

(review Rail Reorganization and Sabbatino cases from early in the semester)

D&M, pp. 344-51. Sax, Some Thoughts on the Decline of Private Property

D&M, pp. 352-53. Problems

 

 

9 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: TAKINGS

D&M, pp. 353-54. Text: Takings Since Penn Central

D&M, pp. 354-68. Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council: questions 1-5 only

Kelo v. City of New London (.html) (Word)

 

11-19 Mar. SPRING BREAK  

20 Mar.

BACKGROUND LEGAL RULES: CIVIL RIGHTS

 D&M, pp. 372-77. State v. Shack

D&M, p. 377. Problems

D&M, pp. 377-82. Prune Yard Shopping Center v. Robins

D&M, pp. 382-84. Problems

 

22 Mar. SOCIAL NORMS: THE EVOLUTION OF SOCIAL ORGANIZATIONS TO ADDRESS THE TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS Perritt, Hybrid Regulation of the Internet

D&M, 500-02. Posner, The Regulation of Groups

D&M, pp. 502-08. Merges, Contracting into Liability Rules

D&M, pp509-521

Problem: consider how Internet-based market for copyrighted music should work

23 Mar. MARKETS: LANDLORD-TENANT LAW

D&M, pp. 581-89. Text: Introduction

D&M, PP. 590-97. Medico-Dental Bldg. Co. v. Horton & Converse

D&M, pp. 597-600. Text: Bargaining Power

27 Mar MARKETS: LANDLORD’S RIGHTS AND REMEDIES

Title search: going all the way back

D&M, pp. 600. Text

D&M, pp. 601-02. California Civil Code

D&M, PP. 602-10. Jordan v. Talbot

D&M, PP. 610-13. Text: Remedies for Holding Over

D&M, pp. 613-14. Text: Remedies for Abandonment

D&M, PP. 614-21. Sommer v. Kridel

D&M, pp. 621. Text: Reletting on the Tenant’s Account

Illinois detainer, rent-recovery, and distress statutes (.html) (Microsoft Word)

29 Mar.

MARKETS: TENANT’S RIGHTS AND REMEDIES

 Izzie

D&M, Pp. 621-23.      Text:     Implied Covenant to Deliver

D&M, pp. 623-24.      Text:     Implied Covenant of Quiet Enjoyment

D&M, pp. 624-25.      Problem

D&M, pp. 625-28.      Text:     Constructive Eviction

D&M, Pp. 628-29.      Problem

D&M, pp. 629-34.      Text:     Tenant’s Right to Habitable Premises

D&M, pp. 634-42.      Javins v. First National Realty Co.

D&M, pp. 643-46.      Text:     Types of Remedies for Breach

Illinois tenant repair statute (.html) (Microsoft Word)

 

30 Mar.

MARKETS: TENANT’S RIGHT TO HABITABLE PREMISES—EFFICACY

D&M, PP. 646-69. Meyers, The Covenant of Habitability

D&M, pp. 650-51. Text: Relationship of Tort Law to Warranty

D&M, PP. 654-56. Review Problem

30 Mar.

MARKETS: RENT CONTROL AND LOW INCOME HOUSING POLICY

D&M, pp. 690-92. Arnott, Time for Revisionism on Rent Control?

D&M, pp. 692-94. Text: Preemption & Constitutional Litigation

D&M, pp. 694-02. Penell v. City of San Jose

D&M, pp. 702-08. Arnott. Time for Revisionism on Rent Control?

D&M, p. 709. Text: Introduction to Low Income Housing Policy

D&M, pp. 709-12. Schill, Privatizing Federal Low Income Housing Assistance

D&M, pp. 712-16. Berger, Beyond Hlomelessness: An Entitlement to Housing

D&M, pp. 716-21. Ellickson, The Untenable Case for an Unconditional Right to Shelter

3 Apr.

MARKETS: NONPOSSESSORY INTERESTS—EASEMENTS

Note on assignment: It would be worthwhile to read the Pennell case, at page 694, but you do not need to read the other rent control material, because we adequately explored the issues in the class discussion on 30 March. I think we already adequately covered the main warranty-of-habitability issues in our discussion on 29 March. So we should press on to easements for 3 April, which will give us some extra time for the things we have not covered yet.

D&M, pp. 721-23. Text: Introduction to Nonpossessory Interests

D&M, pp. 723-25. Text: Classification of Easements

D&M, pp. 725-26. Creation of Express Easements

D&M, pp. 726-31. Faus v. City of Los Angeles

D&M, pp. 731-32. Problems

D&M, pp. 732-34. Text: Creation of Easements by Operation of Law

D&M, pp. 734-39. Reese v. Borghi

 

5 Apr.

MARKETS: NONPOSSESSORY INTERESTS—EASEMENTS

D&M, pp. 739-40. Text: Creation of Easements by Prescription

D&M, pp. 740-41. California Civil Code

D&M, pp. 741-46. Finley v. Botto

D&M, p. 746. Text: Negative Easements

D&M, pp. 746-47. Problems

D&M, pp. 747-49. Review Problem

D&M. pp. 749-52. Text: Termination of Easements

D&M, pp. 752-54. Text: Conservation Easements

D&M, pp. 754-55. Problem

 

6 Apr.

MARKETS: NONPOSSESSORY INTERESTS—REAL COVENANTS

D&M, pp. 756-61. Text: Elements of a Real Covenant

D&M, pp. 761-64. Eagle Enterprises, Inc. v. Gross

D&M, p. 764. Chart

Case on vertical privity

Case on horizontal privity

Post-class note on horizontal privity, with diagram, examples, discussion and quotations (html) (Word file)

 

10 Apr.

MARKETS: NONPOSSESSORY INTERESTS—EQUITABLE SERVITUDES

Class pictures

D&M, pp. 765-67. Text: Elements of an Equitable Servitude

D&M, pp. 767-72. Bolotin v. Rindge

D&M, pp. 772-75. Problems

D&M, p. 774. Chart

 

12 Apr.

MARKETS: NONPOSSESSORY INTERESTS—HOMEOWNERS’ ASSOCIATIONS AND REFORMS

D&M, pp. 775-76. Text: Enforcement of Homeowners’ Associations

D&M, pp. 777-83. Neponsit Property Owners’ Ass’n, Inc. Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank

D&M, pp. 783-84. Nonreciprocal Covenants

D&M, pp. 784-91. Turner v. Brocato

D&M, pp. 79 1-99. Reichman, Toward a Unified Concept of Servitudes

D&M, pp. 799-800. French, Toward a Modern Law of Servitudes

D&M, pp. 800-02. Berger, Unification of the Law of Servitudes

D&M, pp. 802-03, Dunham, Statutory Reformation of Land Obligations

D&M, pp. 803-07. Rose, Servitudes, Security, and Assent

 

13 Apr. Condo associations, etc.

D&M 807-842; optional 842-866;

pay particular attention to Blackacre agreement and uniform statute

Summary of bases for challenge

17 Apr.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS: REGULATING LAND USE

D&M, pp. 888-96. Text: Theories of Local Politics

D&M, pp. 896-99. Text: Legal & Political Institutions Regulating Land Use

D&M, pp. 899-901. Text: Introduction to Euclidean Zoning

D&M, pp. 901-10. Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co.

D&M, pp. 910-11. Mandelker, The Zoning Dilemma

[D&M, pp. 911-13. Karkkainen, Zoning: A Reply to the Critics

D&M, pp. 913-17. Epstein, A Conceptual Approach to Zoning

D&M, pp. 917-19. Fischel, Equity and Efficiency Aspects of Zoning

19 Apr.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS: THE SCOPE OF THE POLICE POWER

D&M, pp. 919-22. Text: Zoning for Aesthetics

D&M, pp. 922-30. City of Ladue v. Gilleo

D&M, p. 930. Problems

Please note that pages 930-957 are not assigned

D&M, pp. 958-59. Text: Growth Controls

D&M, pp. 959-68. Associated Home Builders of Greater Eastbay v. City of Livermore

D&M, p. 968-74. Ellickson, Suburban Growth Controls

 

20 Apr.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS: FLEXIBILITY IN LAND USE CONTROLS

Deerfield Zoning Ordinance -- we will refer to Article 13 in class

Judge Friendly's list of elements of Procedural Due Process

 

D&M, pp. 1005-09.    Text: Evolution of Planning

D&M, pp. 1009-19.    Text: Legislative and Administrative Flexibility

D&M, pp. 1019-20.    Problem

D&M, pp. 1020-21.    Text: Conflict of Interest and Corruption

D&M, pp. 1022-25.    Schauer v. City of Miami

D&M, pp. 1025-31.    Fleming v. City of Tacoma

 

24 Apr.

Exactions

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS: TAKINGS DOCTRINE AS A LIMIT ON EXACTIONS

 

D&M, p. 1032. Text: Introduction to Bargaining D&M, p. 1033. Been, “Exit” As a Constraint on Land Use Exactions D&M, pp. 1033-36. Text: Exactions D&M, pp. 1036-38. San Francisco Planning Code D&M, pp. 1038-39. Text: Inclusionary Zoning D&M, pp. 1039-40. San Francisco Subdivision Code D&M, pp. 1040-41. Text: Criticisms of Linkage Fees

D&M, pp. 1042-44. Text: Takings D&M, pp. 1044-48. Been, “Exit” As a Constraint on Land Use Exactions D&M, pp. 1049-63. Dolan v. City of Tigard D&M, pp. 1063-65. Problems

Optional

Illinois case involving challenge to Deerfield zoning

Illinois case finding exaction to be unconstitutional taking

Illinois case involving constitutionality of impact fee

Law review article exploriong relationship between substantive due process, public-use requirement and takings (.html format) (Word format)

 

 

26 Apr.

CONVEYANCING AND LAND REGISTRATION

Diagram for class

D&M pp392-440; (deemphasize pp392-407 and don't bother with the case contained therein; we'll focus on 408-440)

27 Apr.

 

 

COPYRIGHT REGISTRATION

Course evaluation questionnaires will be distributed at the end of class

Find the U.S. Copyright Office website and conduct a copyright registration search on at least two names or titles of a literary or musical work or sound recording. Be prepared to discuss your results

17 U.S.C.
§ 201. Ownership of copyright (.html) (Word)
§ 408. Copyright registration in general (.html) (Word)
§ 412. Registration as prerequisite to certain remedies for infringement (.html) (Word)

La Resolana v. Clay Realtors Angel Fire (.html) (Word)

1 May

REVIEW

 

 

 

 Before end of semester

 

Conduct a title search for an actual piece of real property in a land records office, and send a brief report of what you did and what you found to propdocs@kentlaw.edu. You may use any piece of property anywhere in the world, and search the records of whatever governmental entity maintains records for that property.

RECOMMENDED SECONDARY MATERIALS

Restatement (Third) of Property (West Group)

 

FINAL EXAMINATION

The final examination in this course will be given on Monday, 8 May 2006, at 1:15 P.M. and at no other time. It will last three hours.

In the final examination, you are responsible for all the materials discussed in class and in the assigned readings. Obviously, the examination cannot touch upon all that material, but anything we do in class, anything you see in your land-register- visit, and anything in the assigned readings may be tested. You may bring any materials, whether commercially prepared or not, to the final exam, but successful performance on the exam will not require original research. Prepare for the exam as though it were “closed-book.”

ATTENDANCE

Much of the material and most of the legal analysis in this course is not contained in the assigned readings. Consequently, class attendance is an indispensable part of the course. Failure to attend regularly will result in exclusion from the course and a grade of “E” Sporadic absences will result in a lowering of your grade, in the discretion of the instructor. The instructor reserves the discretion to determine what constitutes “regularly” and “sporadic.” The only safe course is to attend every class.

TARDINESS

I strongly discourage tardiness and reserve the power to lower your grade for tardiness.

TEACHING ASSISTANT

Jeff Swatzell , 2L, is the Teaching Assistant for the course. His email address is jswatzell@kentlaw.edu. He will be available every ____ from ___ PM to ___ PM, in the 2d floor cafeteria area, for questions and will give supplementary presentations on certain material.

HATS

Do not wear hats in class.

WANDERING IN AND OUT OF CLASS

Once you are present in the classroom, please stay there, unless you have a genuine emergency. If an emergency requires you to leave the classroom, do not return.

CLASS PARTICIPATION

I teach “Socratically.” Every student is expected to be prepared in every class. Any student may be called on at any time. Volunteering is encouraged. There is no “right” answer; only cogent and persuasive arguments, backed up by legitimate legal authority.

VISITING A LAND REGISTRATION OFFICE

Visiting a land registration office and doing a title search is a mandatory requirement for credit in the course. You may do this at any time during the semester. After attending, you must send me an email, to propdocs@kentlaw.edu, briefly describing what you observed and explaining how it relates to one or more specific subjects in the syllabus.

FINAL GRADE

Your final grade will be determined by how well you do on the final exam, except that I reserve the power to decrease your final grade for unsatisfactory classroom participation, failure to complete any drafting exercises satisfactorily, failure to complete the land-registration-office visit, or excessive absenteeism or tardiness. I also reserve the power to increase your final grade by one-half of a grade for outstanding classroom participation. Evaluation of your final examination will emphasize reasons given, analysis and logic as well as the conclusions drawn. Organization, legibility, and clarity are very important.  A shorter answer that is well organized and evidences a clear understanding of basic concepts and their interrelationships is better than a long answer with disconnected fragments of information.

 

OFFICE HOURS & APPOINTMENTS

I welcome interaction with students. I will be happy to make an appointment to see any of you individually or in groups. I do not have specific office hours. If you want to meet, please set up an appointment by emailing me at hperritt@kentlaw.edu, calling me at (312) 906-5098, emailing or calling my assistant, Ms Patricia O’Neal at (312) 906-5128, poneal@kentlaw.edu, or by seeing me before or after class.

WEBSITE

http://www.kentlaw.edu/perritt/courses/property

The Website contains the syllabus and supplementary materials. Please check the Website regularly, particularly before you begin preparing for a particular class and again before coming to class. I will update it regularly.

E-MAIL

I may communicate with you by e-mail at any time throughout the semester. Check your e-mail regularly. If you would like to communicate with me via e-mail, please feel free to do so.