Statute of the Tribunal
The International Tribunal shall have the power to prosecute persons responsible for serious violations
of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991 in
accordance with the provisions of the present Statute.
Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949
The International Tribunal shall have the power to prosecute persons committing or ordering to be
committed grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely the following acts
against persons or property protected under the provisions of the relevant Geneva Convention:
(a) wilful killing;
(b) torture or inhuman treatment, including biological experiments;
(c) wilfully causing great suffering or serious injury to body or health;
(d) extensive destruction and appropriation of property, not justified by military necessity and carried
out unlawfully and wantonly;
(e) compelling a prisoner of war or a civilian to serve in the forces of a hostile power;
(f) wilfully depriving a prisoner of war or a civilian of the rights of fair and regular trial;
(g) unlawful deportation or transfer or unlawful confinement of a civilian;
(h) taking civilians as hostages.
Violations of the laws or customs of war
The International Tribunal shall have the power to prosecute persons violating the laws or customs of
war. Such violations shall include, but not be limited to:
(a) employment of poisonous weapons or other weapons calculated to cause unnecessary suffering;
(b) wanton destruction of cities, towns or villages, or devastation not justified by military necessity;
(c) attack, or bombardment, by whatever means, of undefended towns, villages, dwellings, or
(d) seizure of, destruction or wilful damage done to institutions dedicated to religion, charity and
education, the arts and sciences, historic monuments and works of art and science;
(e) plunder of public or private property.
1. The International Tribunal shall have the power to prosecute persons committing genocide as defined
in paragraph 2 of this article or of committing any of the other acts enumerated in paragraph 3 of this
2. Genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a
national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) killing members of the group;
(b) causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to
bring about its physical
destruction in whole or in part;
(d) imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
3. The following acts shall be punishable:
(b) conspiracy to commit genocide;
(c) direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
(d) attempt to commit genocide;
(e) complicity in genocide.
Crimes against humanity
The International Tribunal shall have the power to prosecute persons responsible for the following
crimes when committed in armed conflict, whether international or internal in character, and directed
against any civilian population:
(h) persecutions on political, racial and religious grounds;
(i) other inhumane acts.